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Molecular pharmacology of homologues of ibotenic acid at cloned metabotropic glutamic acid receptors

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We have studied the effects of the enantiomers of 2-amino-3-(3-hydroxyisoxazol-5-yl)propionic acid (homoibotenic acid, HIBO) and analogues substituted with a methyl, bromo or butyl group in the four position of the ring at cloned metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors expressed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. In contrast to the parent compound ibotenic acid, which is a potent group I and II agonist, the (S)-forms of homoibotenic acid and its analogues are selective and potent group I antagonists whereas the (R)-forms are inactive both as agonists and antagonists at group I, II, and III mGlu receptors. Interestingly, (S)-homoibotenic acid and the analogues display equal potency at both mGlu1alpha and mGlu5a with Ki values in the range of 97 to 490 microM, (S)-homoibotenic acid and (S)-2-amino-3-(4-butyl-3-hydroxyisoxazol-5-yl)propionic acid [(S)-4-butylhomoibotenic acid] displaying the lowest and highest potency, respectively. The homoibotenic acid analogues thereby differ from mGlu receptor antagonists derived from phenylglycine such as (S)-4-carboxyphenylglycine which only antagonizes mGlu1alpha (Ki = 18 microM) showing no effect at mGlu5a (Ki > 300 microM).
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Vol/bind350
Udgave nummer2-3
Sider (fra-til)311-6
ISSN0014-2999
StatusUdgivet - 5 jun. 1998

ID: 45613957