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Morphological response of a barrier island system on a catastrophic event: the AD 1634 North Sea storm

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Morphological response of a barrier island system on a catastrophic event : the AD 1634 North Sea storm. / Fruergaard, Mikkel; Kroon, Aart.

I: Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, Bind 41, Nr. 3, 15.03.2016, s. 420-426.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Fruergaard, M & Kroon, A 2016, 'Morphological response of a barrier island system on a catastrophic event: the AD 1634 North Sea storm', Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, bind 41, nr. 3, s. 420-426. https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.3863

APA

Fruergaard, M., & Kroon, A. (2016). Morphological response of a barrier island system on a catastrophic event: the AD 1634 North Sea storm. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 41(3), 420-426. https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.3863

Vancouver

Fruergaard M, Kroon A. Morphological response of a barrier island system on a catastrophic event: the AD 1634 North Sea storm. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms. 2016 mar 15;41(3):420-426. https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.3863

Author

Fruergaard, Mikkel ; Kroon, Aart. / Morphological response of a barrier island system on a catastrophic event : the AD 1634 North Sea storm. I: Earth Surface Processes and Landforms. 2016 ; Bind 41, Nr. 3. s. 420-426.

Bibtex

@article{1f79c8fa9dcd4a62bc78c509dd322f6a,
title = "Morphological response of a barrier island system on a catastrophic event: the AD 1634 North Sea storm",
abstract = "The AD 1634 North Sea storm is one of the most catastrophic storms along the Wadden Sea coast of Denmark. In this study we show how pre-1634 storm morphology exerted a strong control on the resulting post-storm coastal morphology. Erosional responses associated with the storm were barrier breaching, dune scarping and shoreface erosion and accretionary responses were washover deposition, shoreface healing and barrier-island formation. Local sediment sources appeared to have a particularly strong influence on post-storm coastal evolution and allowed a very rapid formation of a barrier shoal which resulted in several kilometres of coastal progradation. Sediment budgets suggest that formation of the barrier shoal was possible, but the sediment transport rates in the decades after the 1634 storm, must have been two to three times higher than present-day rates. The study demonstrates that catastrophic storms are capable of moving large amounts of sediments over relatively short time-periods and can create barrier shoals, whereas moderate storms mostly rework the shoal or barrier and create more local erosion and/or landward migration. Catastrophic storms substantially influence long-term and large-scale coastal evolution, and storms may positively contribute to the sediment budget and promote coastal progradation in coastal areas with longshore sediment convergence. Copyright {\circledC} 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.",
keywords = "catastrophic storm, AD 1634 North Sea storm, pre-storm and post-storm morphology, sedimentary coastal change, Wadden Sea",
author = "Mikkel Fruergaard and Aart Kroon",
year = "2016",
month = "3",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1002/esp.3863",
language = "English",
volume = "41",
pages = "420--426",
journal = "Earth Surface Processes and Landforms",
issn = "0197-9337",
publisher = "JohnWiley & Sons Ltd",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Morphological response of a barrier island system on a catastrophic event

T2 - the AD 1634 North Sea storm

AU - Fruergaard, Mikkel

AU - Kroon, Aart

PY - 2016/3/15

Y1 - 2016/3/15

N2 - The AD 1634 North Sea storm is one of the most catastrophic storms along the Wadden Sea coast of Denmark. In this study we show how pre-1634 storm morphology exerted a strong control on the resulting post-storm coastal morphology. Erosional responses associated with the storm were barrier breaching, dune scarping and shoreface erosion and accretionary responses were washover deposition, shoreface healing and barrier-island formation. Local sediment sources appeared to have a particularly strong influence on post-storm coastal evolution and allowed a very rapid formation of a barrier shoal which resulted in several kilometres of coastal progradation. Sediment budgets suggest that formation of the barrier shoal was possible, but the sediment transport rates in the decades after the 1634 storm, must have been two to three times higher than present-day rates. The study demonstrates that catastrophic storms are capable of moving large amounts of sediments over relatively short time-periods and can create barrier shoals, whereas moderate storms mostly rework the shoal or barrier and create more local erosion and/or landward migration. Catastrophic storms substantially influence long-term and large-scale coastal evolution, and storms may positively contribute to the sediment budget and promote coastal progradation in coastal areas with longshore sediment convergence. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

AB - The AD 1634 North Sea storm is one of the most catastrophic storms along the Wadden Sea coast of Denmark. In this study we show how pre-1634 storm morphology exerted a strong control on the resulting post-storm coastal morphology. Erosional responses associated with the storm were barrier breaching, dune scarping and shoreface erosion and accretionary responses were washover deposition, shoreface healing and barrier-island formation. Local sediment sources appeared to have a particularly strong influence on post-storm coastal evolution and allowed a very rapid formation of a barrier shoal which resulted in several kilometres of coastal progradation. Sediment budgets suggest that formation of the barrier shoal was possible, but the sediment transport rates in the decades after the 1634 storm, must have been two to three times higher than present-day rates. The study demonstrates that catastrophic storms are capable of moving large amounts of sediments over relatively short time-periods and can create barrier shoals, whereas moderate storms mostly rework the shoal or barrier and create more local erosion and/or landward migration. Catastrophic storms substantially influence long-term and large-scale coastal evolution, and storms may positively contribute to the sediment budget and promote coastal progradation in coastal areas with longshore sediment convergence. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

KW - catastrophic storm

KW - AD 1634 North Sea storm

KW - pre-storm and post-storm morphology

KW - sedimentary coastal change

KW - Wadden Sea

U2 - 10.1002/esp.3863

DO - 10.1002/esp.3863

M3 - Journal article

VL - 41

SP - 420

EP - 426

JO - Earth Surface Processes and Landforms

JF - Earth Surface Processes and Landforms

SN - 0197-9337

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 168289053