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Mutational replacement of methionine by arginine in the S′1 substrate binding site of yeast carboxypeptidase

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Alkylation of Met-398 in the S′1 binding site of carboxypeptidase Y drastically reduces kcat for hydrolysis of peptides, presumably due to introduction of a positively charged sulfonium ion. In the present work a positive charge has been introduced by means of site-directed mutagenesis, exchanging Met-398 with the cationic arginyl residue. The mutagenesis was carried out in bacteriophage M13 on a subcloned fragment of PRC1, the structural gene for carboxypeptidase Y, using an oligonucleotide containing the desired mutation as primer for secondary strand synthesis in vitro. A clone was identified in which codon 398 of PRC1 (ATG) had been changed to AGG, and the mutated sequence was reintroduced into the original PRC1 gene context. The resulting plasmid was used to transform a yeast strain, carrying a deletion at the prc1 locus and the mutant enzyme was isolated by affinity chromatography. The kcat values for the hydrolysis of N-blocked dipeptide substrates with varying groups in the P′1 position were equally low as for the alkylated Met-398 derivatives, consistent with the expected effects of a positive charge in position 398. The kinetic parameters for the hydrolysis of ester and amide substrates were similar to those obtained with the enzyme alkylated with iodoacetamide.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftCarlsberg Research Communications
Vol/bind51
Udgave nummer6
Sider (fra-til)459-465
Antal sider7
ISSN0105-1938
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1986

ID: 200970301