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Myocardial Changes in Diabetic and Nondiabetic Nonhuman Primates

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Diabetic human patients have increased risk of heart failure compared to healthy subjects. The underlying mechanisms for this are not fully understood, and to help develop improved treatment strategies, well-characterized animal models are essential. To investigate cardiac dysfunction in diabetes, this study evaluated myocardial changes in 10 aging rhesus monkeys with and without diabetes. Based on evaluation of plasma glycosylated hemoglobin and glucose, 7 of 10 rhesus macaques had diabetes for a minimum of 11 months, while 3 of 10 were categorized as nondiabetic. A detailed histological examination of formalin-fixed left ventricular myocardial samples was followed by a semiquantitative evaluation of myocardial fibrosis and fat infiltration; digital quantifications of myocardial collagen, lipofuscin, and nuclear area fractions; and measurements of cardiomyocyte diameter. Histological myocardial evaluation revealed the presence of lipofuscin; large nuclei; interstitial, replacement, and vascular fibrosis; adipocyte infiltration; and vacuolar degeneration with atrophy of cardiomyocytes and fibrosis. However, there were no differences between groups for semiquantitative fat infiltration, fibrosis, cardiomyocyte size, collagen, or nuclear and lipofuscin area fraction. Lipofuscin area fraction correlated with plasma insulin, triglyceride, total cholesterol, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations. In conclusion, myocardial pathological changes were found in left ventricular myocardium in aged rhesus macaques, independent of the stage of diabetes. The duration of diabetes might have been too short to cause differences between groups.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftVeterinary Pathology
Vol/bind57
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)332-343
Antal sider12
ISSN0300-9858
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2020

ID: 237370794