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New method for culture of zona-included or zona-free embryos: the Well of the Well (WOW) system.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

  • G Vajta
  • T T Peura
  • Holm, Peter
  • a Páldi
  • T Greve
  • a O Trounson
  • H Callesen
Culture of mammalian zygotes individually and in small groups results in lower developmental rates than culture of large groups. Zona-free zygotes also have impaired developmental potential in current culture systems. This paper describes a new approach to resolve the problems, the Well of the Well (WOW) system. Small wells (WOWs) were formed in four-well dishes by melting the bottom with heated steel rods. The WOWs were then rinsed, the wells were filled with medium, and the embryos were placed into the WOWs. To test the value of the WOW system a 3 x 3 factorial experiment was performed. Bovine presumptive zygotes were cultured from day 1 to day 7 (day 0: day of insemination) using three modules (single embryos, embryo groups of five, or single zona-digested embryos) and three different culture systems (400 microl medium, 200 microl drops, or WOWs). An additional control group consisted of 40 to 50 embryos cultured in 400 microl medium. The WOW system resulted in higher blastocyst/oocyte rates for all three modules (single: 59 group of five: 61 single zona-digested: 53 than the culture in drops or in wells (P <0.05 for all). The developmental rate was independent of the number of WOWs per well. The cell number of blastocysts cultured in the WOW system did not differ from that of the controls. Apart from its theoretical value in revealing the role of different factors influencing embryo development in vitro, the WOW system may have immediate practical consequences in certain areas of mammalian embryo production.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftMolecular Reproduction and Development
Vol/bind55
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)256-264
ISSN1040-452X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 mar. 2000

    Forskningsområder

  • Animals,Blastocyst,Blastocyst: physiology,Cattle,Cell Count,Cell Culture Techniques,Cell Culture Techniques: instrumentation,Cell Culture Techniques: methods,Culture Media,Culture Media: metabolism,Embryo, Mammalian,Embryo, Mammalian: physiology,Fertilization in Vitro,Zona Pellucida,Zona Pellucida: physiology,Zygote,Zygote: physiology

ID: 141568334