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Nitric oxide increases cyclic GMP levels, AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)alpha1-specific activity and glucose transport in human skeletal muscle

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: We investigated the direct effect of a nitric oxide donor (spermine NONOate) on glucose transport in isolated human skeletal muscle and L6 skeletal muscle cells. We hypothesised that pharmacological treatment of human skeletal muscle with N-(2-aminoethyl)-N-(2-hydroxy-2-nitrosohydrazino)-1,2-ethylenediamine (spermine NONOate) would increase intracellular cyclic GMP (cGMP) levels and promote glucose transport.

METHODS: Skeletal muscle strips were prepared from vastus lateralis muscle biopsies obtained from seven healthy men. Muscle strips were incubated in the absence or presence of 5 mmol/l spermine NONOate or 120 nmol/l insulin. The L6 muscle cells were treated with spermine NONOate (20 micromol/l) and incubated in the absence or presence of insulin (120 nmol/l). The direct effect of spermine NONOate and insulin on glucose transport, cGMP levels and signal transduction was determined.

RESULTS: In human skeletal muscle, spermine NONOate increased glucose transport 2.4-fold (p < 0.05), concomitant with increased cGMP levels (80-fold, p < 0.001). Phosphorylation of components of the canonical insulin signalling cascade was unaltered by spermine NONOate exposure, implicating an insulin-independent signalling mechanism. Consistent with this, spermine NONOate increased AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)-alpha1-associated activity (1.7-fold, p < 0.05). In L6 muscle cells, spermine NONOate increased glucose uptake (p < 0.01) and glycogen synthesis (p < 0.001), an effect that was in addition to that of insulin. Spermine NONOate also elicited a concomitant increase in AMPK and acetyl-CoA carboxylase phosphorylation. In the presence of the guanylate cyclase inhibitor LY-83583 (10 micromol/l), spermine NONOate had no effect on glycogen synthesis and AMPK-alpha1 phosphorylation.

CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: Pharmacological treatment of skeletal muscle with spermine NONOate increases glucose transport via insulin-independent signalling pathways involving increased intracellular cGMP levels and AMPK-alpha1-associated activity.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftDiabetologia
Vol/bind53
Udgave nummer6
Sider (fra-til)1142-50
Antal sider9
ISSN0012-186X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jun. 2010

ID: 170597608