Forskning ved Københavns Universitet - Københavns Universitet

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On US politics and IMF lending

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The political factors shaping IMF lending to developing countries have attracted attention in recent empirical work. This goes in particular for the role and influence of the US. However, scant formal modelling makes interpretation of empirical results difficult. In this paper, we propose a model in which the US acts as principal within the IMF and seeks to maximize its impact on the policy stance of debtor countries. We derive an optimal loan allocation mechanism, which leads to the testable hypothesis that the probability of an IMF loan is increasing in the amount of political concessions countries make. A political concession is defined as the distance between a country's bliss point and its actual policy stance measured relative to the US. We introduce a bliss-point proxy and demonstrate that our hypothesis is strongly supported in the data. Moreover, we show that not accounting for bliss points may lead to endogeneity bias in empirical work
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEuropean Economic Review
Vol/bind50
Udgave nummer7
Sider (fra-til)1843-1862
Antal sider20
ISSN0014-2921
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2006

Bibliografisk note

JEL Classification: F33, F34, O1

ID: 313901