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Origin of the trochophora larva

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The trochophora larva, which is so well known from the marine plankton, is central to our understanding of the evolution of a large branch of the bilaterians. Two theories for this larval type have been prevalent, the trochaea theory and the theory proposed by Ivanova-Kazas. The embryology, or more precisely the cell-lineage, of these larvae seems to be central for our understanding of their origin, but important details have been missing. According to the trochaea theory, a circumblastoporal ring of blastomeres differentiates to follow the convoluted shape of the conspicuous ciliary bands of the larvae, with prototroch and metatroch around the mouth, forming a filtering system, and telotroch around the anus. According to the Ivanova-Kazas theory, the blastomeres with the ciliary bands develop through specialization of rings of cells of the general ciliation in a lecithotrophic larva. Now, a new cell-lineage study of the gastropod Crepidula has shown that the ring of cells at the edge of the blastopore develops into the band of cells carrying prototroch and metatroch, characteristic of the trochophora. This gives strong support to the trochaea theory.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer180042
TidsskriftRoyal Society Open Science
Vol/bind5
Udgave nummer7
Antal sider7
ISSN2054-5703
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2018

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