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Osmosensory mechanisms in cellular and systemic volume regulation

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikel

Perturbations of cellular and systemic osmolarity severely challenge the function of all organisms and are consequently regulated very tightly. Here we outline current evidence on how cells sense volume perturbations, with particular focus on mechanisms relevant to the kidneys and to extracellular osmolarity and whole body volume homeostasis. There are a variety of molecular signals that respond to perturbations in cell volume and osmosensors or volume sensors responding to these signals. The early signals of volume perturbation include integrins, the cytoskeleton, receptor tyrosine kinases, and transient receptor potential channels. We also present current evidence on the localization and function of central and peripheral systemic osmosensors and conclude with a brief look at the still limited evidence on pathophysiological conditions associated with deranged sensing of cell volume.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of the American Society of Nephrology
Vol/bind22
Udgave nummer9
Sider (fra-til)1587-97
Antal sider11
ISSN1046-6673
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2011

ID: 36070017