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p53 codon 72 polymorphic variants, loss of allele-specific transcription, and human papilloma virus 16 and/or 18 E6 messenger RNA expression in squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck

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  • Kathrin Scheckenbach
  • Oliver Wilm Dr Lieven
  • Karl Götte
  • Ulrike Bockmühl
  • Rainer Zotz
  • Henning Bier
  • Vera Balz
A polymorphism at codon 72 of the human tumor suppressor p53 determines translation into either arginine or proline. Yet, the impact of this amino acid variability on the risk to develop malignant tumors, particularly carcinomas associated with human papilloma virus (HPV) infections, remains unresolved because of contradictory results. To address a potential correlation between the different genotypes and the manifestation of squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck (SCCHN), we determined the p53 codon 72 in 193 healthy subjects and 122 unselected SCCHN with known HPV status. Furthermore, loss of allele-specific transcription was analyzed in p53 codon 72 heterozygous (Arg/Pro) SCCHN and correlated with HPV 16 and/or 18 E6 transcript expression. We found a moderately increased risk (odds ratio, 1.86; 95% confidence interval, 1.0-3.3) for individuals with germ line heterozygosity to develop SCC of the pharynx. On the other hand, p53 codon 72 polymorphic variants, most notably the Arg/Arg genotype, showed no association with the presence of HPV 16 and/or 18 E6 transcript. Moreover, there was no evidence for HPV-driven selection in SCCHN with allele-specific loss of transcription. Our data suggest that the p53 codon 72 polymorphism has a minor impact on the development of SCCHN.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftCancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology
Vol/bind13
Udgave nummer11 Pt 1
Sider (fra-til)1805-9
Antal sider5
ISSN1055-9965
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2004
Eksternt udgivetJa

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