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Pain after primary inguinal herniorrhaphy: Influence of surgical technique

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Background: Pain is an important problem after ambulatory hernia repair. To assess the influence of the surgical technique on postoperative pain, two separate randomized, patient-blinded, controlled trials were performed in men with an indirect inguinal hernia. Study Design: In study A, 48 patients with an internal inguinal ring smaller than 1.5 cm were randomly allocated to either simple extirpation of the hernial sac or extirpation plus annulorrhaphy. In study B, 84 patients with an internal inguinal ring wider than 1.5 cm were randomly allocated to extirpation plus annulorrhaphy or extirpation plus Lichtenstein mesh repair (modified). All operations were performed under unmonitored local anesthesia with standardized perioperative analgesia using methadone and tenoxicam. Pain was scored daily for the first postoperative week and after 4 weeks on a four-point verbal-rank scale (no, light, moderate, or severe pain) during rest, while coughing, and during mobilization (rising to the sitting position). Use of supplementary analgesics (paracetamol) was recorded. Cumulative daily pain scores for the first postoperative week and the number of patients who used supplementary analgesics were the main outcome measures. Results: There were no significant differences in cumulative pain scores or use of supplementary analgesics between the treatment groups in either study. Cumulative pain scores were significantly higher during coughing and mobilization than during rest in both studies. Conclusions: Choice of surgical technique for open repair of a primary indirect inguinal hernia has no influence on postoperative pain.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of the American College of Surgeons
Vol/bind188
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)355-359
Antal sider5
ISSN1072-7515
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 apr. 1999

ID: 203891638