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PET Imaging of Tissue Factor in Pancreatic Cancer Using 64Cu-Labeled Active Site-Inhibited Factor VII

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PET Imaging of Tissue Factor in Pancreatic Cancer Using 64Cu-Labeled Active Site-Inhibited Factor VII. / Nielsen, Carsten H; Jeppesen, Troels E; Kristensen, Lotte K; Jensen, Mette M; El Ali, Henrik H; Madsen, Jacob; Wiinberg, Bo; Petersen, Lars C.; Kjaer, Andreas.

I: Journal of Nuclear Medicine, Bind 57, Nr. 7, 07.2016, s. 1112-1119.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Nielsen, CH, Jeppesen, TE, Kristensen, LK, Jensen, MM, El Ali, HH, Madsen, J, Wiinberg, B, Petersen, LC & Kjaer, A 2016, 'PET Imaging of Tissue Factor in Pancreatic Cancer Using 64Cu-Labeled Active Site-Inhibited Factor VII', Journal of Nuclear Medicine, bind 57, nr. 7, s. 1112-1119. https://doi.org/10.2967/jnumed.115.170266

APA

Nielsen, C. H., Jeppesen, T. E., Kristensen, L. K., Jensen, M. M., El Ali, H. H., Madsen, J., ... Kjaer, A. (2016). PET Imaging of Tissue Factor in Pancreatic Cancer Using 64Cu-Labeled Active Site-Inhibited Factor VII. Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 57(7), 1112-1119. https://doi.org/10.2967/jnumed.115.170266

Vancouver

Nielsen CH, Jeppesen TE, Kristensen LK, Jensen MM, El Ali HH, Madsen J o.a. PET Imaging of Tissue Factor in Pancreatic Cancer Using 64Cu-Labeled Active Site-Inhibited Factor VII. Journal of Nuclear Medicine. 2016 jul;57(7):1112-1119. https://doi.org/10.2967/jnumed.115.170266

Author

Nielsen, Carsten H ; Jeppesen, Troels E ; Kristensen, Lotte K ; Jensen, Mette M ; El Ali, Henrik H ; Madsen, Jacob ; Wiinberg, Bo ; Petersen, Lars C. ; Kjaer, Andreas. / PET Imaging of Tissue Factor in Pancreatic Cancer Using 64Cu-Labeled Active Site-Inhibited Factor VII. I: Journal of Nuclear Medicine. 2016 ; Bind 57, Nr. 7. s. 1112-1119.

Bibtex

@article{14d61d326a604e0db06a890ca921a2cf,
title = "PET Imaging of Tissue Factor in Pancreatic Cancer Using 64Cu-Labeled Active Site-Inhibited Factor VII",
abstract = "UNLABELLED: Tissue factor (TF) is the main initiator of the extrinsic coagulation cascade. However, TF also plays an important role in cancer. TF expression has been reported in 53{\%}-89{\%} of all pancreatic adenocarcinomas, and the expression level of TF has in clinical studies correlated with advanced stage, increased microvessel density, metastasis, and poor overall survival. Imaging of TF expression is of clinical relevance as a prognostic biomarker and as a companion diagnostic for TF-directed therapies currently under clinical development. Factor VII (FVII) is the natural ligand to TF. The purpose of this study was to investigate the possibility of using active site-inhibited FVII (FVIIai) labeled with (64)Cu for PET imaging of TF expression.METHODS: FVIIai was conjugated to 2-S-(4-isothiocyanatobenzyl)-1,4,7-triazacyclononane-1,4,7-triacetic acid (p-SCN-Bn-NOTA) and labeled with (64)Cu ((64)Cu-NOTA-FVIIai). Longitudinal in vivo PET imaging was performed at 1, 4, 15, and 36 h after injection of (64)Cu-NOTA-FVIIai in mice with pancreatic adenocarcinomas (BxPC-3). The specificity of TF imaging with (64)Cu-NOTA-FVIIai was investigated in subcutaneous pancreatic tumor models with different levels of TF expression and in a competition experiment. In addition, imaging of orthotopic pancreatic tumors was performed using (64)Cu-NOTA-FVIIai and PET/MRI. In vivo imaging data were supported by ex vivo biodistribution, flow cytometry, and immunohistochemistry.RESULTS: Longitudinal PET imaging with (64)Cu-NOTA-FVIIai showed a tumor uptake of 2.3 ± 0.2, 3.7 ± 0.3, 3.4 ± 0.3, and 2.4 ± 0.3 percentage injected dose per gram at 1, 4, 15, and 36 h after injection, respectively. An increase in tumor-to-normal-tissue contrast was observed over the imaging time course. Competition with unlabeled FVIIai significantly (P < 0.001) reduced the tumor uptake. The tumor uptake observed in models with different TF expression levels was significantly different from each other (P < 0.001) and was in agreement with the TF level evaluated by TF immunohistochemistry staining. Orthotopic tumors were clearly visible on the PET/MR images, and the uptake of (64)Cu-NOTA-FVIIai was colocalized with viable tumor tissue.CONCLUSION: (64)Cu-NOTA-FVIIai is well suited for PET imaging of tumor TF expression, and imaging is capable of distinguishing the TF expression level of various pancreatic tumor models.",
keywords = "Animals, Cell Line, Tumor, Copper Radioisotopes, Factor VII, Humans, Isotope Labeling, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Mice, Multimodal Imaging, Neoplasm Transplantation, Pancreatic Neoplasms, Positron-Emission Tomography, Radiometry, Radiopharmaceuticals, Thromboplastin, Tissue Distribution",
author = "Nielsen, {Carsten H} and Jeppesen, {Troels E} and Kristensen, {Lotte K} and Jensen, {Mette M} and {El Ali}, {Henrik H} and Jacob Madsen and Bo Wiinberg and Petersen, {Lars C.} and Andreas Kjaer",
note = "{\circledC} 2016 by the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Inc.",
year = "2016",
month = "7",
doi = "10.2967/jnumed.115.170266",
language = "English",
volume = "57",
pages = "1112--1119",
journal = "The Journal of Nuclear Medicine",
issn = "0161-5505",
publisher = "Society of Nuclear Medicine",
number = "7",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - PET Imaging of Tissue Factor in Pancreatic Cancer Using 64Cu-Labeled Active Site-Inhibited Factor VII

AU - Nielsen, Carsten H

AU - Jeppesen, Troels E

AU - Kristensen, Lotte K

AU - Jensen, Mette M

AU - El Ali, Henrik H

AU - Madsen, Jacob

AU - Wiinberg, Bo

AU - Petersen, Lars C.

AU - Kjaer, Andreas

N1 - © 2016 by the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Inc.

PY - 2016/7

Y1 - 2016/7

N2 - UNLABELLED: Tissue factor (TF) is the main initiator of the extrinsic coagulation cascade. However, TF also plays an important role in cancer. TF expression has been reported in 53%-89% of all pancreatic adenocarcinomas, and the expression level of TF has in clinical studies correlated with advanced stage, increased microvessel density, metastasis, and poor overall survival. Imaging of TF expression is of clinical relevance as a prognostic biomarker and as a companion diagnostic for TF-directed therapies currently under clinical development. Factor VII (FVII) is the natural ligand to TF. The purpose of this study was to investigate the possibility of using active site-inhibited FVII (FVIIai) labeled with (64)Cu for PET imaging of TF expression.METHODS: FVIIai was conjugated to 2-S-(4-isothiocyanatobenzyl)-1,4,7-triazacyclononane-1,4,7-triacetic acid (p-SCN-Bn-NOTA) and labeled with (64)Cu ((64)Cu-NOTA-FVIIai). Longitudinal in vivo PET imaging was performed at 1, 4, 15, and 36 h after injection of (64)Cu-NOTA-FVIIai in mice with pancreatic adenocarcinomas (BxPC-3). The specificity of TF imaging with (64)Cu-NOTA-FVIIai was investigated in subcutaneous pancreatic tumor models with different levels of TF expression and in a competition experiment. In addition, imaging of orthotopic pancreatic tumors was performed using (64)Cu-NOTA-FVIIai and PET/MRI. In vivo imaging data were supported by ex vivo biodistribution, flow cytometry, and immunohistochemistry.RESULTS: Longitudinal PET imaging with (64)Cu-NOTA-FVIIai showed a tumor uptake of 2.3 ± 0.2, 3.7 ± 0.3, 3.4 ± 0.3, and 2.4 ± 0.3 percentage injected dose per gram at 1, 4, 15, and 36 h after injection, respectively. An increase in tumor-to-normal-tissue contrast was observed over the imaging time course. Competition with unlabeled FVIIai significantly (P < 0.001) reduced the tumor uptake. The tumor uptake observed in models with different TF expression levels was significantly different from each other (P < 0.001) and was in agreement with the TF level evaluated by TF immunohistochemistry staining. Orthotopic tumors were clearly visible on the PET/MR images, and the uptake of (64)Cu-NOTA-FVIIai was colocalized with viable tumor tissue.CONCLUSION: (64)Cu-NOTA-FVIIai is well suited for PET imaging of tumor TF expression, and imaging is capable of distinguishing the TF expression level of various pancreatic tumor models.

AB - UNLABELLED: Tissue factor (TF) is the main initiator of the extrinsic coagulation cascade. However, TF also plays an important role in cancer. TF expression has been reported in 53%-89% of all pancreatic adenocarcinomas, and the expression level of TF has in clinical studies correlated with advanced stage, increased microvessel density, metastasis, and poor overall survival. Imaging of TF expression is of clinical relevance as a prognostic biomarker and as a companion diagnostic for TF-directed therapies currently under clinical development. Factor VII (FVII) is the natural ligand to TF. The purpose of this study was to investigate the possibility of using active site-inhibited FVII (FVIIai) labeled with (64)Cu for PET imaging of TF expression.METHODS: FVIIai was conjugated to 2-S-(4-isothiocyanatobenzyl)-1,4,7-triazacyclononane-1,4,7-triacetic acid (p-SCN-Bn-NOTA) and labeled with (64)Cu ((64)Cu-NOTA-FVIIai). Longitudinal in vivo PET imaging was performed at 1, 4, 15, and 36 h after injection of (64)Cu-NOTA-FVIIai in mice with pancreatic adenocarcinomas (BxPC-3). The specificity of TF imaging with (64)Cu-NOTA-FVIIai was investigated in subcutaneous pancreatic tumor models with different levels of TF expression and in a competition experiment. In addition, imaging of orthotopic pancreatic tumors was performed using (64)Cu-NOTA-FVIIai and PET/MRI. In vivo imaging data were supported by ex vivo biodistribution, flow cytometry, and immunohistochemistry.RESULTS: Longitudinal PET imaging with (64)Cu-NOTA-FVIIai showed a tumor uptake of 2.3 ± 0.2, 3.7 ± 0.3, 3.4 ± 0.3, and 2.4 ± 0.3 percentage injected dose per gram at 1, 4, 15, and 36 h after injection, respectively. An increase in tumor-to-normal-tissue contrast was observed over the imaging time course. Competition with unlabeled FVIIai significantly (P < 0.001) reduced the tumor uptake. The tumor uptake observed in models with different TF expression levels was significantly different from each other (P < 0.001) and was in agreement with the TF level evaluated by TF immunohistochemistry staining. Orthotopic tumors were clearly visible on the PET/MR images, and the uptake of (64)Cu-NOTA-FVIIai was colocalized with viable tumor tissue.CONCLUSION: (64)Cu-NOTA-FVIIai is well suited for PET imaging of tumor TF expression, and imaging is capable of distinguishing the TF expression level of various pancreatic tumor models.

KW - Animals

KW - Cell Line, Tumor

KW - Copper Radioisotopes

KW - Factor VII

KW - Humans

KW - Isotope Labeling

KW - Magnetic Resonance Imaging

KW - Mice

KW - Multimodal Imaging

KW - Neoplasm Transplantation

KW - Pancreatic Neoplasms

KW - Positron-Emission Tomography

KW - Radiometry

KW - Radiopharmaceuticals

KW - Thromboplastin

KW - Tissue Distribution

U2 - 10.2967/jnumed.115.170266

DO - 10.2967/jnumed.115.170266

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 27013699

VL - 57

SP - 1112

EP - 1119

JO - The Journal of Nuclear Medicine

JF - The Journal of Nuclear Medicine

SN - 0161-5505

IS - 7

ER -

ID: 177293777