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pH-dependent reactivity for glycyl-L-tyrosine in carboxypeptidase-A-catalyzed hydrolysis

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  • Shanshan Wu
  • Chunchun Zhang
  • Ruyin Cao
  • Dingguo Xu
  • Hua Guo
The dipeptide glycyl-L-tyrosine (GY) can be either a substrate for carboxypeptidase A (CPA) or an inhibitor, depending on pH. In this work, we investigate the pH-dependent reactivity of this dipeptide in CPA-catalyzed hydrolysis using a combined quantum mechanical and molecular mechanical method. It is shown that the monoionic form of the dipeptide, prevalent at high pH, chelates the active site zinc ion, rendering the enzyme inactive. This inhibitory form is consistent with an earlier X-ray structure of the CPA-GY complex. On the other hand, the prevailing di-ionic form of the dipeptide at low pH was found to undergo hydrolysis via a nucleophilic mechanism, leading to an acyl-enzyme complex. The stability of this reaction intermediate is consistent with previous low-temperature solid-state NMR results. The calculated overall free-energy barrier of 20.1 kcal/mol is in excellent agreement with the experimental value of 19.9 kcal/mol.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Physical Chemistry Part B: Condensed Matter, Materials, Surfaces, Interfaces & Biophysical
Vol/bind115
Udgave nummer34
Sider (fra-til)10360–10367
Antal sider8
ISSN1520-6106
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2011
Eksternt udgivetJa

ID: 94571539