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Photoaffinity labeling of the human receptor for urokinase-type plasminogen activator using a decapeptide antagonist. Evidence for a composite ligand-binding site and a short interdomain separation

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  • Ploug, Michael
  • Søren Østergaard
  • Lars Bo Laurenborg Hansen
  • Arne Holm
  • Keld Danø

Binding of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) to its cellular receptor (uPAR) renders the cell surface a favored site for plasminogen activation. Recently, a 15-mer peptide antagonist of the uPA-uPAR interaction, with an IC50 value of 10 nM, was identified using phage display technology [Goodson, R. J., Doyle, M. V., Kaufman, S. E., and Rosenberg, S. (1994) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 91, 7129-7133]. In the present study, the molecular aspects of the interaction between this peptide and uPAR have been investigated. We have characterized the real-time receptor binding kinetics for the antagonist using surface plasmon resonance and identified critical residues by alanine replacements. The minimal peptide antagonist thus derived (SLNFSQYLWS) was rendered photoactivatable by replacing residues important for uPAR binding with photochemically active derivatives of phenylalanine containing either (trifluoromethyl)diazirine or benzophenone. These peptides incorporated covalently into purified soluble uPAR upon photoactivation, and this was inhibited by preincubation with receptor binding derivatives of uPA. The intact three-domain structure of uPAR was essential for efficient photoaffinity labeling. Proteolytic domain mapping using chymotrypsin revealed a specific labeling of both uPAR domain I and domains II + III dependent on the position of the photoprobe in the antagonist. On the basis of these studies, we propose the existence of a composite ligand binding site in uPAR combined of residues located in distinct structural domains. According to this model, a close spatial proximity between uPAR domain I and either domains II or III in intact uPAR is required for the assembly of this composite binding site. Since the receptor binding properties of the peptide antagonist closely mimic those of uPA itself, these two ligands presumably share coincident binding site in uPAR.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftBiochemistry
Vol/bind37
Udgave nummer11
Sider (fra-til)3612-22
Antal sider11
ISSN0006-2960
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 17 mar. 1998
Eksternt udgivetJa

ID: 178215804