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Photochemistry of quinolylmethylisothioronium salts. Guanine selective DNA photocleavage reagents

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Quinolylmethylisothioronium salts (1a and 4a) cleave DNA upon irradiation. The cleavage is more than 10-fold enhanced by piperidine treatment and subsequently shows a high preference for guanines. Photolysis of 1a, 2a and 4a in water at lambda greater than 300 nm resulted in photoheterolysis. Irradiation of 1a in 2-propanol gave only products from photohomolysis, irradiation of 1a in methanol and 2a and 4a in 2-propanol resulted in products from both photoheterolysis and photohomolysis. Quantum yields for the disappearance of 1a in water and 2-propanol were determined. The presence or absence of oxygen had no effect in water, whereas oxidation products were observed upon irradiation in methanol and 2-propanol in the presence of oxygen. The guanine specific DNA photoreaction is proposed to take place by alkylation at N7 via the quinolylmethyl carbocation and thus to represent a photoalkylation.

TidsskriftPhotochemistry and Photobiology
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)299-305
Antal sider7
StatusUdgivet - mar. 1991

ID: 203630983