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Physical and psychological sequelae to torture. A controlled clinical study of exiled asylum applicants

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Standard

Physical and psychological sequelae to torture. A controlled clinical study of exiled asylum applicants. / Hougen, H P.

I: Forensic Science International, Bind 39, Nr. 1, 10.1988, s. 5-11.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Hougen, HP 1988, 'Physical and psychological sequelae to torture. A controlled clinical study of exiled asylum applicants', Forensic Science International, bind 39, nr. 1, s. 5-11.

APA

Hougen, H. P. (1988). Physical and psychological sequelae to torture. A controlled clinical study of exiled asylum applicants. Forensic Science International, 39(1), 5-11.

Vancouver

Hougen HP. Physical and psychological sequelae to torture. A controlled clinical study of exiled asylum applicants. Forensic Science International. 1988 okt;39(1):5-11.

Author

Hougen, H P. / Physical and psychological sequelae to torture. A controlled clinical study of exiled asylum applicants. I: Forensic Science International. 1988 ; Bind 39, Nr. 1. s. 5-11.

Bibtex

@article{25aee78145ea462f9bb9ac0a4b78086b,
title = "Physical and psychological sequelae to torture. A controlled clinical study of exiled asylum applicants",
abstract = "The study comprised 24 male Lebanese refugees living in Denmark. Twelve of them alleged having been tortured in Lebanon during the period 1981-85. The remaining twelve had neither been imprisoned nor tortured and thus acted as control persons. All the testimonies were found to be valid according to a method previously used by the author. The most common forms of torture were blows against the head, body and foot soles, suspension and asphyxiation. Threats and solitary confinement were frequent, and sexual violations were also reported. At the time of examination (March-November 1986), the main complaints were headaches, various cardiopulmonary symptoms, sleep disturbances with nightmares, impaired concentration and memory, and emotional lability. Suicide attempts were reported. Prior to the torture all the probands had been healthy except for several cases of gunshot wounds. The clinical examination revealed different scars possibly related to torture in nearly all the cases. Missing or fractured teeth, peripheral nerve damage and mental depression were also found. The 12 controls had several mental and physical complaints, but significantly fewer than the probands. Almost all of them had scars from gunshot wounds. The present study clearly indicates that torture plus exilation has a more deteriorating effect on the health status than exilation alone.",
keywords = "Adolescent, Adult, Denmark, Humans, Lebanon, Male, Prisoners, Psychophysiologic Disorders, Refugees, Somatoform Disorders, Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic, Suicide, Attempted, Torture, Wounds and Injuries",
author = "Hougen, {H P}",
year = "1988",
month = oct,
language = "English",
volume = "39",
pages = "5--11",
journal = "Forensic Science International",
issn = "0379-0738",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Physical and psychological sequelae to torture. A controlled clinical study of exiled asylum applicants

AU - Hougen, H P

PY - 1988/10

Y1 - 1988/10

N2 - The study comprised 24 male Lebanese refugees living in Denmark. Twelve of them alleged having been tortured in Lebanon during the period 1981-85. The remaining twelve had neither been imprisoned nor tortured and thus acted as control persons. All the testimonies were found to be valid according to a method previously used by the author. The most common forms of torture were blows against the head, body and foot soles, suspension and asphyxiation. Threats and solitary confinement were frequent, and sexual violations were also reported. At the time of examination (March-November 1986), the main complaints were headaches, various cardiopulmonary symptoms, sleep disturbances with nightmares, impaired concentration and memory, and emotional lability. Suicide attempts were reported. Prior to the torture all the probands had been healthy except for several cases of gunshot wounds. The clinical examination revealed different scars possibly related to torture in nearly all the cases. Missing or fractured teeth, peripheral nerve damage and mental depression were also found. The 12 controls had several mental and physical complaints, but significantly fewer than the probands. Almost all of them had scars from gunshot wounds. The present study clearly indicates that torture plus exilation has a more deteriorating effect on the health status than exilation alone.

AB - The study comprised 24 male Lebanese refugees living in Denmark. Twelve of them alleged having been tortured in Lebanon during the period 1981-85. The remaining twelve had neither been imprisoned nor tortured and thus acted as control persons. All the testimonies were found to be valid according to a method previously used by the author. The most common forms of torture were blows against the head, body and foot soles, suspension and asphyxiation. Threats and solitary confinement were frequent, and sexual violations were also reported. At the time of examination (March-November 1986), the main complaints were headaches, various cardiopulmonary symptoms, sleep disturbances with nightmares, impaired concentration and memory, and emotional lability. Suicide attempts were reported. Prior to the torture all the probands had been healthy except for several cases of gunshot wounds. The clinical examination revealed different scars possibly related to torture in nearly all the cases. Missing or fractured teeth, peripheral nerve damage and mental depression were also found. The 12 controls had several mental and physical complaints, but significantly fewer than the probands. Almost all of them had scars from gunshot wounds. The present study clearly indicates that torture plus exilation has a more deteriorating effect on the health status than exilation alone.

KW - Adolescent

KW - Adult

KW - Denmark

KW - Humans

KW - Lebanon

KW - Male

KW - Prisoners

KW - Psychophysiologic Disorders

KW - Refugees

KW - Somatoform Disorders

KW - Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic

KW - Suicide, Attempted

KW - Torture

KW - Wounds and Injuries

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 3209147

VL - 39

SP - 5

EP - 11

JO - Forensic Science International

JF - Forensic Science International

SN - 0379-0738

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 44516054