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PKC, p42/44 MAPK and p38 MAPK regulate hepatocyte growth factor secretion from human astrocytoma cells

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Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and its receptor c-Met are expressed in inappropriately high abundance in gliomas and are further upregulated during the transition from low- to high-grade malignancy. In these cells HGF induces expression of c-Met via PKC, Ras and mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway. Here we report that secretion and expression of HGF in U87 astrocytoma is increased by a PKC activator, PMA, an effect which is abolished by a PKC inhibitor, Go6976, specific for PKCα and PKCβ1. Activating PKA by forskolin, on the other hand, had no effect. Furthermore, messenger molecule downstream of PKC, i.e. MEK mediates such effect of PKC as specific MEK inhibitors (PD98059 and U0126) abolished PMA induced HGF secretion by U87 cells. Accordingly, PMA induced rapid phosphorylation of MEK substrate, i.e. Erk1/2 (p42/44 MAPK). In addition, such effect of PKC is Ras-dependent as specific Ras inhibitor L-744,832 attenuated both PMA mediated induction of Erk 1/2 phosphorylation as well as HGF secretion. Moreover, a specific p38 MAPK inhibitor (SB203580) almost completely inhibited basal HGF secretion to an undetectable level. Increased secretion of HGF is most likely exerted at the transcriptional level since inhibitor of transcription, actinomycin D abolished such increase. Furthermore, when assessed by Northern blot analysis, PMA increased HGF transcripts while U0127 and SB203580 inhibited. Therefore, our data reveal that HGF secretion in U87 cells is regulated by Ras-dependent PKC, MEK cascade and in parallel by p38 MAPK pathway. Since the Raf-PKC-MEK cascade is used for HGF's signaling via its receptor in astrocytoma cells, our data revealing similar regulatory mechanism for HGF secretion in these cells would help to explain the feed forward nature of HGF action in glioma cells that would further accentuate its basal secretion, exacerbating its effects on the progression of gliomas in an autocrine fashion.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftMolecular Brain Research
Vol/bind102
Udgave nummer1-2
Sider (fra-til)73-82
Antal sider10
ISSN0169-328X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 15 jun. 2002
Eksternt udgivetJa

ID: 203878363