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Plant derived ingredients rich in nitrates or phenolics for protection of pork against protein oxidation

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A pork model system containg phenolic extracts (citrus, rosemary, and acerola), traditional Spanish food ingredients (paprika, garlic, and oregano), or natural nitrate sources (beet, lettuce, arugula, spinach, chard, celery, and watercress) were oxidized by an hydrophilic (OXHydro, 2,2′-azobis(2-amidinopropane)-dihydrochloride; AAPH) or lipophilic (OXLip, 2,2′-azobis(2,4-dimethylvaleronitrile; AMVN) radical initiator. Citrus as well as lettuce and spinach protected almost fully against protein thiol loss and showed efficient radical scavenging activity as determined by ESR spectroscopy in both oxidizing systems. Rosemary was an efficient radical scavenger in both systems, but behaved as a prooxidant on thiols in the OXHydro system. Acerola was also found to be prooxidative as determined by increased radical signal intensity especially in the OXLip system, assigned to high concentration of ascorbate in the extract. Natural nitrate sources, especially lettuce and spinach, are accordingly potential substitutes for synthetic phenolic antioxidants protecting against protein thiol oxidation and radical formation in pork.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer108789
TidsskriftFood Research International
Vol/bind129
Antal sider9
ISSN0963-9969
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2020

ID: 235917094