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Population genetic structure of the common warthog (Phacochoerus africanus) in Uganda: evidence for a strong philopatry among warthogs and social structure breakdown in a disturbed population

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Standard

Population genetic structure of the common warthog (Phacochoerus africanus) in Uganda: evidence for a strong philopatry among warthogs and social structure breakdown in a disturbed population. / Muwanka, V.B.; Nyakaana, S.; Siegismund, Hans Redlef; Arctander, Peter.

I: African Journal of Ecology, Bind 45, Nr. 1, 2007, s. 22-30.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Muwanka, VB, Nyakaana, S, Siegismund, HR & Arctander, P 2007, 'Population genetic structure of the common warthog (Phacochoerus africanus) in Uganda: evidence for a strong philopatry among warthogs and social structure breakdown in a disturbed population', African Journal of Ecology, bind 45, nr. 1, s. 22-30. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2028.2006.00671.x

APA

Muwanka, V. B., Nyakaana, S., Siegismund, H. R., & Arctander, P. (2007). Population genetic structure of the common warthog (Phacochoerus africanus) in Uganda: evidence for a strong philopatry among warthogs and social structure breakdown in a disturbed population. African Journal of Ecology, 45(1), 22-30. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2028.2006.00671.x

Vancouver

Muwanka VB, Nyakaana S, Siegismund HR, Arctander P. Population genetic structure of the common warthog (Phacochoerus africanus) in Uganda: evidence for a strong philopatry among warthogs and social structure breakdown in a disturbed population. African Journal of Ecology. 2007;45(1):22-30. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2028.2006.00671.x

Author

Muwanka, V.B. ; Nyakaana, S. ; Siegismund, Hans Redlef ; Arctander, Peter. / Population genetic structure of the common warthog (Phacochoerus africanus) in Uganda: evidence for a strong philopatry among warthogs and social structure breakdown in a disturbed population. I: African Journal of Ecology. 2007 ; Bind 45, Nr. 1. s. 22-30.

Bibtex

@article{9e69ac10cd0c11dd9473000ea68e967b,
title = "Population genetic structure of the common warthog (Phacochoerus africanus) in Uganda: evidence for a strong philopatry among warthogs and social structure breakdown in a disturbed population",
abstract = "Fine-scale genetic structure of large mammals is rarely analysed. Yet it is potentially important in estimating gene flow between the now fragmented wildlife habitats and in predicting re-colonization following local extinction events. In this study, we examined the extent to which warthog populations from five localities in Uganda are genetically structured using both mitochondrial control region sequence and microsatellite allele length variation. Four of the localities (Queen Elizabeth, Murchison Falls, Lake Mburo and Kidepo Valley) are national parks with relatively good wildlife protection practices and the other (Luwero), not a protected area, is characterized by a great deal of hunting. In the total sample, significant genetic differentiation was observed at both the mtDNA locus (FST = 0.68; P < 0.001) and the microsatellite loci (FST = 0.14; P < 0.001). Despite the relatively short geographical distances between populations, significant genetic differentiation was observed in all pair-wise population comparisons at the two marker sets (mtDNA FST = 0.21-0.79, P < 0.001; microsatellite FST = 0.074-0.191, P < 0.001). Significant heterozygote deficiency was observed at most loci within protected areas while no significant deviation from Hardy-Weinberg expectation was observed in the unprotected Luwero population. We explain these results in terms of: (i) a strong philopatry among warthogs, (ii) a Wahlund effect resulting from the sampling regime and (iii) break down of social structure in the disturbed Luwero population.",
author = "V.B. Muwanka and S. Nyakaana and Siegismund, {Hans Redlef} and Peter Arctander",
note = "KEYWORDS common warthog • philopatry • social structure",
year = "2007",
doi = "10.1111/j.1365-2028.2006.00671.x",
language = "English",
volume = "45",
pages = "22--30",
journal = "African Journal of Ecology",
issn = "0141-6707",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Population genetic structure of the common warthog (Phacochoerus africanus) in Uganda: evidence for a strong philopatry among warthogs and social structure breakdown in a disturbed population

AU - Muwanka, V.B.

AU - Nyakaana, S.

AU - Siegismund, Hans Redlef

AU - Arctander, Peter

N1 - KEYWORDS common warthog • philopatry • social structure

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - Fine-scale genetic structure of large mammals is rarely analysed. Yet it is potentially important in estimating gene flow between the now fragmented wildlife habitats and in predicting re-colonization following local extinction events. In this study, we examined the extent to which warthog populations from five localities in Uganda are genetically structured using both mitochondrial control region sequence and microsatellite allele length variation. Four of the localities (Queen Elizabeth, Murchison Falls, Lake Mburo and Kidepo Valley) are national parks with relatively good wildlife protection practices and the other (Luwero), not a protected area, is characterized by a great deal of hunting. In the total sample, significant genetic differentiation was observed at both the mtDNA locus (FST = 0.68; P < 0.001) and the microsatellite loci (FST = 0.14; P < 0.001). Despite the relatively short geographical distances between populations, significant genetic differentiation was observed in all pair-wise population comparisons at the two marker sets (mtDNA FST = 0.21-0.79, P < 0.001; microsatellite FST = 0.074-0.191, P < 0.001). Significant heterozygote deficiency was observed at most loci within protected areas while no significant deviation from Hardy-Weinberg expectation was observed in the unprotected Luwero population. We explain these results in terms of: (i) a strong philopatry among warthogs, (ii) a Wahlund effect resulting from the sampling regime and (iii) break down of social structure in the disturbed Luwero population.

AB - Fine-scale genetic structure of large mammals is rarely analysed. Yet it is potentially important in estimating gene flow between the now fragmented wildlife habitats and in predicting re-colonization following local extinction events. In this study, we examined the extent to which warthog populations from five localities in Uganda are genetically structured using both mitochondrial control region sequence and microsatellite allele length variation. Four of the localities (Queen Elizabeth, Murchison Falls, Lake Mburo and Kidepo Valley) are national parks with relatively good wildlife protection practices and the other (Luwero), not a protected area, is characterized by a great deal of hunting. In the total sample, significant genetic differentiation was observed at both the mtDNA locus (FST = 0.68; P < 0.001) and the microsatellite loci (FST = 0.14; P < 0.001). Despite the relatively short geographical distances between populations, significant genetic differentiation was observed in all pair-wise population comparisons at the two marker sets (mtDNA FST = 0.21-0.79, P < 0.001; microsatellite FST = 0.074-0.191, P < 0.001). Significant heterozygote deficiency was observed at most loci within protected areas while no significant deviation from Hardy-Weinberg expectation was observed in the unprotected Luwero population. We explain these results in terms of: (i) a strong philopatry among warthogs, (ii) a Wahlund effect resulting from the sampling regime and (iii) break down of social structure in the disturbed Luwero population.

U2 - 10.1111/j.1365-2028.2006.00671.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1365-2028.2006.00671.x

M3 - Journal article

VL - 45

SP - 22

EP - 30

JO - African Journal of Ecology

JF - African Journal of Ecology

SN - 0141-6707

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 9226330