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Potentiation of glucose-induced insulin release in islets by desHis1[Glu9]glucagon amide

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  • Hans Kofod
  • C G Unson
  • R B Merrifield
Glucagon and secretin and some of their hybrid analogs potentiate glucose-induced release of insulin from isolated mouse pancreatic islets. It was recently shown that the synthetic glucagon analog, desHis1[Glu9]glucagon amide, does not stimulate the formation of cyclic adenosine monophosphate in the rat hepatocyte membrane, but binds well to the glucagon receptor and is a good competitive antagonist of glucagon. In the present study the effect of this analog on isolated islets was examined. desHis1-[Glu9]glucagon amide at 3 x 10(-7) M, in the presence of 0.01 M D-glucose, increased the release of insulin by 30% and maintained that level for the full 30-min test period. The rate of insulin release returned to the glucose-induced base line after removal of the peptide. The same insulin level was produced by 3 x 10(-9) M glucagon, and at 3 x 10(-7) M glucagon insulin release was enhanced 290% above the glucose base line.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftInternational Journal of Peptide and Protein Research
Vol/bind32
Udgave nummer6
Sider (fra-til)436-40
Antal sider5
StatusUdgivet - dec. 1988

ID: 45575036