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Production of acylated homoserine lactones by different serotypes of Vibrio anguillarum both in culture and during infection of rainbow trout

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  • Christiane Buch
  • Jens Sigh
  • Nielsen, John
  • Jens Laurits Larsen
  • Lone Gram

Onehundred and forty-eight out of onehundred and fifty strains of Vibrio anguillarum isolated from vibriosis in Danish marine aquaculture produced bacterial communication signals, acylated homoserine lactones, eliciting a response in the Agrobacterium tumefaciens (pZLR4) monitoring system. One strain, a serotype O4, induced a strong response in the Chromobacterium violaceum (CV026) monitoring system. Profiles of AHLs determined by TLC separation revealed the presence of at least four AHLs and a compound similar to N-3-oxo-decanoyl homoserine lactone (3-oxo-C10-HSL) was present in all strains. The production rate of the presumed 3-oxo-C10-HSL followed the growth rate of V. anguillarum whereas the production rate of a small AHL (Rf value of 0.74) increased faster than the growth rate of V. anguillarum indicating autoinduction. AHLs were produced by all serotypes (O1 to O10) and by non-typable strains. During infection with V. anguillarum, AHLs could be extracted from liver, kidney and muscle of rainbow trout and AHLs were detected both in vitro and in vivo when cell numbers reached 107 per ml or gram. Preliminary investigations of interactions between AHLs and the fish immune system were carried out determining oxidative burst of fish macrophages exposed to 3-oxo-C10-HSL. No activation or suppression of the superoxide anion production in the head kidney macrophages was seen when treated with the AHL compound in concentrations of 1 nM-10 μM. Our data show that AHLs are produced by almost all V. anguillarum strains and that no clear pattern relating AHL production to disease or virulence appear.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftSystematic and Applied Microbiology
Vol/bind26
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)338-349
Antal sider12
ISSN0723-2020
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 sep. 2003

ID: 129206680