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Pyruvate kinase M2 represses thermogenic gene expression in brown adipocytes

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Utilizing the thermogenic capacity of brown adipose tissue is a potential anti-obesity strategy; therefore, the mechanisms controlling expression of thermogenesis-related genes are of interest. Pyruvate kinase (PK) catalyzes the last step of glycolysis and exists as four isoenzymes: PK, liver, PK, red blood cell, PK, muscle (PKM1 and PKM2). PKM2 has both glycolytic and nuclear functions. Here, we report that PKM2 is enriched in brown adipose compared with white adipose tissue. Specific knockdown of PKM2 in mature brown adipocytes demonstrates that silencing of PKM2 does not lead to a decrease in PK activity, but causes a robust upregulation of thermogenic uncoupling protein 1 (Ucp1) and fibroblast growth factor 21 (Fgf21) gene expression. This increase is not mediated by any of the known mechanisms for PKM2-regulated gene expression, thus implying the existence of a novel mechanism for PKM2-dependent effects on gene expression.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftFEBS letters
Vol/bind594
Udgave nummer7
ISSN0014-5793
DOI
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 2020

ID: 239203931