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Risk factors of post-discharge under-five mortality among Danish children 1997-2016: A register-based study

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Risk factors of post-discharge under-five mortality among Danish children 1997-2016 : A register-based study. / Jensen, Andreas; Andersen, Per Kragh; Andersen, John Sahl; Greisen, Gorm; Stensballe, Lone Graff.

I: PLoS ONE, Bind 14, Nr. 12, e0226045, 2019.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Jensen, A, Andersen, PK, Andersen, JS, Greisen, G & Stensballe, LG 2019, 'Risk factors of post-discharge under-five mortality among Danish children 1997-2016: A register-based study', PLoS ONE, bind 14, nr. 12, e0226045. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0226045

APA

Jensen, A., Andersen, P. K., Andersen, J. S., Greisen, G., & Stensballe, L. G. (2019). Risk factors of post-discharge under-five mortality among Danish children 1997-2016: A register-based study. PLoS ONE, 14(12), [e0226045]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0226045

Vancouver

Jensen A, Andersen PK, Andersen JS, Greisen G, Stensballe LG. Risk factors of post-discharge under-five mortality among Danish children 1997-2016: A register-based study. PLoS ONE. 2019;14(12). e0226045. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0226045

Author

Jensen, Andreas ; Andersen, Per Kragh ; Andersen, John Sahl ; Greisen, Gorm ; Stensballe, Lone Graff. / Risk factors of post-discharge under-five mortality among Danish children 1997-2016 : A register-based study. I: PLoS ONE. 2019 ; Bind 14, Nr. 12.

Bibtex

@article{f347b62929fc4b9ca0bc3d75e5efa658,
title = "Risk factors of post-discharge under-five mortality among Danish children 1997-2016: A register-based study",
abstract = "Objectives Estimating associations between somatic and socioeconomic risk factors and post-discharge under-five mortality. Design Register-based national cohort study using multiple Cox regression. Participants The population of 1,263,795 Danish children live-born 1997-2016 who survived until date of first discharge to the home after birth was followed from that date until death, emigration, 5 years of age or 31 December 2016. Main outcome measures (A) Mortality hazard ratios (HRs) among all children, (B) mortality HRs among children without severe chronic disease, and (C) mortality HRs among children without severe chronic disease or asthma. Main results In the total population (1,947 deaths) severe chronic disease was associated with mortality HR = 15.28 (95{\%} CI: 13.77-16.95). In children without severe chronic-disease (719 deaths) other somatic risk factors were immature birth HR = 3.40 (1.92-6.02), maternal smoking HR = 1.84 (1.55-2.18) and low birth weight HR = 1.74 (1.21-2.51). Socioeconomic risk factors for mortality included: maternal age < 25 years HR = 1.91 (1.38-2.64) compared to > 35 years (similar for 30-35 years and 25-29 years), lowest vs. highest family income tertile HR = 1.76 (1.23-2.51), not living with both parents HR = 1.63 (1.25-2.13), maternal unemployment HR = 1.54 (1.12-2.12), presence of siblings HR = 1.44 (1.20-1.71) and secondary vs. tertiary parental education HR = 1.33 (1.07-1.65) for fathers and HR = 1.23 (1.01-1.52) for mothers. Factors not found to be associated with child mortality in this population included presence of asthma HR = 1.29 (0.83-1.98) and non-Danish ethnicity HR = 0.98 (0.70-1.37). Conclusions Childhood death after discharge to the home after birth and before 5 years of age is a very rare event in Denmark. This 'post-discharge' mortality was heavily associated with severe chronic disease. In children without severe chronic disease, immature birth, maternal smoking and certain socioeconomic characteristics were noticeable risk factors. Mortality may possibly be decreased by focusing on vulnerable groups.",
author = "Andreas Jensen and Andersen, {Per Kragh} and Andersen, {John Sahl} and Gorm Greisen and Stensballe, {Lone Graff}",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0226045",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
journal = "P L o S One",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "12",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Risk factors of post-discharge under-five mortality among Danish children 1997-2016

T2 - A register-based study

AU - Jensen, Andreas

AU - Andersen, Per Kragh

AU - Andersen, John Sahl

AU - Greisen, Gorm

AU - Stensballe, Lone Graff

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Objectives Estimating associations between somatic and socioeconomic risk factors and post-discharge under-five mortality. Design Register-based national cohort study using multiple Cox regression. Participants The population of 1,263,795 Danish children live-born 1997-2016 who survived until date of first discharge to the home after birth was followed from that date until death, emigration, 5 years of age or 31 December 2016. Main outcome measures (A) Mortality hazard ratios (HRs) among all children, (B) mortality HRs among children without severe chronic disease, and (C) mortality HRs among children without severe chronic disease or asthma. Main results In the total population (1,947 deaths) severe chronic disease was associated with mortality HR = 15.28 (95% CI: 13.77-16.95). In children without severe chronic-disease (719 deaths) other somatic risk factors were immature birth HR = 3.40 (1.92-6.02), maternal smoking HR = 1.84 (1.55-2.18) and low birth weight HR = 1.74 (1.21-2.51). Socioeconomic risk factors for mortality included: maternal age < 25 years HR = 1.91 (1.38-2.64) compared to > 35 years (similar for 30-35 years and 25-29 years), lowest vs. highest family income tertile HR = 1.76 (1.23-2.51), not living with both parents HR = 1.63 (1.25-2.13), maternal unemployment HR = 1.54 (1.12-2.12), presence of siblings HR = 1.44 (1.20-1.71) and secondary vs. tertiary parental education HR = 1.33 (1.07-1.65) for fathers and HR = 1.23 (1.01-1.52) for mothers. Factors not found to be associated with child mortality in this population included presence of asthma HR = 1.29 (0.83-1.98) and non-Danish ethnicity HR = 0.98 (0.70-1.37). Conclusions Childhood death after discharge to the home after birth and before 5 years of age is a very rare event in Denmark. This 'post-discharge' mortality was heavily associated with severe chronic disease. In children without severe chronic disease, immature birth, maternal smoking and certain socioeconomic characteristics were noticeable risk factors. Mortality may possibly be decreased by focusing on vulnerable groups.

AB - Objectives Estimating associations between somatic and socioeconomic risk factors and post-discharge under-five mortality. Design Register-based national cohort study using multiple Cox regression. Participants The population of 1,263,795 Danish children live-born 1997-2016 who survived until date of first discharge to the home after birth was followed from that date until death, emigration, 5 years of age or 31 December 2016. Main outcome measures (A) Mortality hazard ratios (HRs) among all children, (B) mortality HRs among children without severe chronic disease, and (C) mortality HRs among children without severe chronic disease or asthma. Main results In the total population (1,947 deaths) severe chronic disease was associated with mortality HR = 15.28 (95% CI: 13.77-16.95). In children without severe chronic-disease (719 deaths) other somatic risk factors were immature birth HR = 3.40 (1.92-6.02), maternal smoking HR = 1.84 (1.55-2.18) and low birth weight HR = 1.74 (1.21-2.51). Socioeconomic risk factors for mortality included: maternal age < 25 years HR = 1.91 (1.38-2.64) compared to > 35 years (similar for 30-35 years and 25-29 years), lowest vs. highest family income tertile HR = 1.76 (1.23-2.51), not living with both parents HR = 1.63 (1.25-2.13), maternal unemployment HR = 1.54 (1.12-2.12), presence of siblings HR = 1.44 (1.20-1.71) and secondary vs. tertiary parental education HR = 1.33 (1.07-1.65) for fathers and HR = 1.23 (1.01-1.52) for mothers. Factors not found to be associated with child mortality in this population included presence of asthma HR = 1.29 (0.83-1.98) and non-Danish ethnicity HR = 0.98 (0.70-1.37). Conclusions Childhood death after discharge to the home after birth and before 5 years of age is a very rare event in Denmark. This 'post-discharge' mortality was heavily associated with severe chronic disease. In children without severe chronic disease, immature birth, maternal smoking and certain socioeconomic characteristics were noticeable risk factors. Mortality may possibly be decreased by focusing on vulnerable groups.

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0226045

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0226045

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31800636

AN - SCOPUS:85076053423

VL - 14

JO - P L o S One

JF - P L o S One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 12

M1 - e0226045

ER -

ID: 238741113