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Risk of second cancers in classical Kaposi's sarcoma

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An association between Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) and malignant lymphoma has been suspected for many years. Both cancers belong to the group of malignancies associated with immune suppression and have been known to occur in the same individual. Accordingly, a common etiology has been suspected. Through linkage within the Nordic cancer registries, we studied the occurrence of cancers in a population-based cohort of 741 patients with classical KS. The relative risk of subsequent malignancies was expressed as the ratio of the observed numbers of cancer to the numbers expected based on age-, sex-, period- and country-specific incidence rates, i.e., the standardized incidence ratio (SIR). A total of 104 cancers was observed during 5,802 person-years of follow-up, which was close to the expected 98.8 cases (SIR, 1.05). During the first year of follow-up, 3 lymphomas were observed, which is in significant excess of the 0.2 lymphomas expected (SIR, 13.0). In contrast, no lymphomas occurred in the period beyond the first year of follow-up vs. 2.3 expected. Cancers of the buccal cavity and pharynx (SIR, 10.6; n = 4) and of the colon (SIR, 2.7; n = 7) occurred in excess among women but not among men. Accordingly, our results indicate that patients with classical KS are not at increased risk of cancer in general. In particular, the overall risk of lymphomas was not significantly increased. The high relative risk of malignant lymphoma immediately after KS was based on a limited number of cases, and this observation is unlikely to indicate a common etiology.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftInternational Journal of Cancer
Vol/bind73
Udgave nummer6
Sider (fra-til)840-843
Antal sider4
ISSN0020-7136
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 10 dec. 1997

ID: 259818783