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Roles of metabotropic glutamate receptor subtypes in modulation of pentylenetetrazole-induced seizure activity in mice

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  • C. Thomsen
  • Nils Ole Dalby
The anticonvulsant or proconvulsant properties of ligands at metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) were examined in a chemoconvulsant model using pentylenetetrazole (PTZ). Mice received mGluR ligands by intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) infusion prior to a subcutaneous injection of PTZ and the latency to onset of tonic convulsions was recorded. The group I mGluR antagonist 1-aminoindan-1,5-dicarboxylic acid (AIDA) dose-dependently antagonised PTZ-induced seizures with a mean ED50 value of 465 nmol. In contrast, the selective group I mGluR agonist, (S)-3,5-dihydroxyphenylglycine [(S)-DHPG], was proconvulsive and decreased the PTZ-induced seizure latency (ED50=60 nmol i.c.v.). A selective agonist of group II mGluRs, (1S,3S)-1-aminocyclopentane dicarboxylic acid [(1S,3S)-ACPD], was proconvulsive but did not affect PTZ-induced seizure latency. Moreover, the proconvulsant effect of (IS,3S)-ACPD was not blocked by the mGluR2 antagonist, alpha-methylserine-O-phosphate monophenyl ester but was blocked by AIDA suggesting the involvement of group I mGluRs. (2S,1'S,2'S,3'R)-2-(2'-carboxy-3'-phenylcyclopropyl)glycine (PCCG-IV), which is a potent mGluR2 antagonist and a group III mGluR agonist at higher doses, increased the PTZ-induced seizure latency (ED50=51 nmol) and this effect was fully reversed by the group III mGluR antagonist, (S)-2-amino-2-methyl-4-phosphonobutanoic acid (MAP4). Similarly, the group III mGluR agonist 1-amino-3-(phosphonomethylene)cyclobutanecarboxylate (cyclobutylene-AP5) increased the PTZ-induced seizure latency (ED50=12 nmol) in a MAP4-sensitive manner. Collectively, these data suggest that mGluR ligands modulate PTZ-induced seizure activity in mice by either antagonizing group I mGluRs or activating group III mGluRs.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftNeuropharmacology
Vol/bind37
Udgave nummer12
Sider (fra-til)1465-73
Antal sider9
ISSN0028-3908
StatusUdgivet - dec. 1998
Eksternt udgivetJa

ID: 87194939