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RTEL1 suppresses G-quadruplex-associated R-loops at difficult-to-replicate loci in the human genome

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Oncogene activation during tumorigenesis generates DNA replication stress, a known driver of genome rearrangements. In response to replication stress, certain loci, such as common fragile sites and telomeres, remain under-replicated during interphase and subsequently complete locus duplication in mitosis in a process known as 'MiDAS'. Here, we demonstrate that RTEL1 (regulator of telomere elongation helicase 1) has a genome-wide role in MiDAS at loci prone to form G-quadruplex-associated R-loops, in a process that is dependent on its helicase function. We reveal that SLX4 is required for the timely recruitment of RTEL1 to the affected loci, which in turn facilitates recruitment of other proteins required for MiDAS, including RAD52 and POLD3. Our findings demonstrate that RTEL1 is required for MiDAS and suggest that RTEL1 maintains genome stability by resolving conflicts that can arise between the replication and transcription machineries.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftNature Structural & Molecular Biology
Vol/bind27
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)424-437
Antal sider14
ISSN1545-9993
DOI
StatusUdgivet - maj 2020

ID: 241416967