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Segmental hair analysis of olanzapine and N-desmethyl-olanzapine in postmortem hair from mentally ill patients by LC–MS/MS

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Hair analysis is a useful tool for establishing long-term drug intake. Segmental analysis, in particular, where the hair is cut into defined segments, can potentially provide a calendar of patients’ drug intake as drugs are incorporated into the growing hair through the bloodstream with an average growth rate of 1 cm per month. Forensic investigations of hair require knowledge of typical concentrations of common pharmaceuticals in hair, which are rarely reported. The aim of this study was to provide values for olanzapine and N-desmethyl-olanzapine concentrations in postmortem hair from chronic olanzapine consumers to contribute to the establishment of a reference interval for this drug. We analyzed postmortem head hair samples from 37 suspected mentally ill patients, who were part of the SURVIVE population, a Danish national autopsy-based study. Each sample was cut into 1 cm segments, and up to six segments, corresponding to up to six months of hair growth prior to death, were analyzed depending on the hair length. The hair extracts were analyzed by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. Olanzapine and N-desmethyl-olanzapine were added to a published and validated method. The 37 patients were 12 females and 25 males aged 25–81 years. Their hair colors varied from blond to black, with the majority brown, thus no trend could be discerned from the hair colors. Drugs other than olanzapine were found in all cases except one, and illicit drugs were found in the hair samples of 38 % of the cases. We report olanzapine concentrations ranging from 0.005–20.9 ng/mg (median 0.128 ng/mg) and N-desmethyl-olanzapine concentrations from 0.027 to 0.187 ng/mg (median 0.068 ng/mg) for all 141 analyzed segments. Metabolite-to-drug ratios ranged from 0.010 to 3.31 (median 0.590). Dose calculations based on prescription pick-up demonstrated no correlation with the concentrations in hair, but olanzapine concentrations in the proximal hair segment correlated significantly with olanzapine concentrations in postmortem blood. Olanzapine concentrations decreased considerably from the proximal to distal segments, emphasizing the importance of reporting the length of the measured hair when reporting drug concentrations in hair. This study can contribute to the establishment of a reference interval for olanzapine and N-desmethyl-olanzapine concentrations in hair by reporting concentrations in hair from chronic consumers.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer113510
TidsskriftJournal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Vol/bind190
ISSN0731-7085
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 25 okt. 2020

ID: 247333162