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Serum level of soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor is a strong and independent predictor of survival in human immunodeficiency virus infection

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Human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) infection has been shown to result in up-regulation of the urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR/CD87) on leukocytes in vitro and in vivo. The objective of this study was to investigate whether this up-regulation is paralleled by higher serum levels of soluble uPAR (suPAR) in patients with advanced HIV-1 disease and whether the serum level of suPAR is predictive of clinical outcome. Using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, the level of suPAR was measured retrospectively in serum samples from 314 patients with HIV-1 infection. By Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses, the serum suPAR levels were correlated to survival with AIDS-related death as the end point. High levels of serum suPAR (greater than median) were associated with poor overall survival, and Kaplan-Meier analysis on patients stratified by suPAR level demonstrated a continuous increase in mortality rates with higher suPAR levels. After adjustment for accepted prognostic markers-including Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-defined clinical stages, CD4 counts, viral load, beta2-microglobulin, and age-the prognostic strength of suPAR remained highly significant, indicating that the serum suPAR level is a novel, strong, and independent predictor of survival in HIV-1 infection. This report is the first to demonstrate an important association between the plasminogen activator system and disease progression in HIV-1 infection.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftBlood
Vol/bind96
Udgave nummer13
Sider (fra-til)4091-5
Antal sider5
ISSN0006-4971
StatusUdgivet - 15 dec. 2000

ID: 180571657