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Sirenomelia sequence according to the distance between the first sacral vertebra and the ilia

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The development of the iliac bones and lower limbs are parallel processes depending on the normal ontogeny of the caudal blastema [O'Rahilly and Müller, 1989; Opitz, 1993; Opitz et al., 2000]. We hypothesized that the pathogenetic mechanisms leading to fused lower limbs would in parallel displace the ilia caudally and medially and that the degree of this displacement might correlate with the severity of the iliac and lower limb defects. Thus the purpose of the study was to test this hypothesis in a sample of 12 sirenomelic fetuses. The fetuses GA 16-39 weeks, spontaneously or therapeutically aborted, were radiographed in the frontal projection as part of a requested autopsy. From each radiograph, a line was drawn connecting the most cranial part or the two ilia. After that the distance was measured vertically between this line and the most cranial part of the first sacral vertebral body (iliac-sacral distance (ISD)). A second distance was measured horizontally between the most lateral part of the two iliae (bi-iliac distance (BD)). As a result, ISD correlates with the iliac/femur phenotype. Separate ilia and femora occur only in cases with normal ISD. Fused ilia or femora or both are seen only in fetuses with mildly increased ISD, whereas a single iliac bone and femur occur only in cases with greatly increased ISD. The increase of the ISD does not correlate with the severity of more distal limb involvement. There was a correlation between the ISD and the BD values; the higher the ISD, the shorter the BD. Based on these findings, we propose an extended classification of Sirenomelia to be tested by other researchers.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Vol/bind120A
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)503-8
Antal sider6
ISSN1552-4825
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2003

ID: 40340850