Forskning ved Københavns Universitet - Københavns Universitet

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Specific immunoassays for detection of intact and cleaved forms of the urokinase receptor

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BACKGROUND: The cell surface receptor (uPAR) for urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) is a strong prognostic marker in several types of cancer. uPA cleaves the three-domain protein uPAR(I-III) into two fragments: uPAR(I), which contains domain I; and uPAR(II-III), which contains domains II and III. Established immunoassays measure a combination of uPAR forms. Our aim was to design immunoassays for specific quantification of the individual forms of uPAR.

METHODS: Using appropriate combinations of epitope-mapped monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) for capture and europium-labeled detection Mabs, we designed two-site sandwich time-resolved fluorescence immunoassays (TR-FIAs): TR-FIA 1 to measure uPAR(I-III) alone; TR-FIA 2 to measure both uPAR(I-III) and uPAR(II-III); and TR-FIA 3 to measure uPAR(I). To avoid detection of uPAR(I-III) in TR-FIA 3, we used a combination of the peptide uPAR antagonist AE120 and a domain I antibody, R3. AE120 blocks the binding of R3 to uPAR(I-III). In contrast, AE120 does not interact with liberated domain I and therefore does not interfere with the binding of R3 to uPAR(I).

RESULTS: The limits of quantification (CV <20%) determined by adding the proteins to uPAR-depleted plasma were <3 pmol/L in all three assays. The interassay CVs in plasma with added analytes were <11%, and recoveries were between 93% and 105%. Cross-reactivities of purified proteins in the three TR-FIAs were no more than 4%. Studies on chymotrypsin cleavage of uPAR and size-exclusion chromatography of plasma with and without added protein further supported the specificity of the assays.

CONCLUSIONS: The three novel TR-FIAs accurately quantify uPAR(I-III) alone, uPAR(I-III) together with uPAR(II-III), and uPAR(I), respectively, in biological samples, including plasma, and thus are well suited for studies of the diagnostic and prognostic value of individual uPAR forms in cancer patients.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftClinical Chemistry
Vol/bind50
Udgave nummer11
Sider (fra-til)2059-68
Antal sider10
ISSN0009-9147
DOI
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2004

ID: 178216290