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Stalled replication forks generate a distinct mutational signature in yeast

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Standard

Stalled replication forks generate a distinct mutational signature in yeast. / Larsen, Nicolai B.; Liberti, Sascha E.; Vogel, Ivan; Jorgensen, Signe W.; Hickson, Ian D.; Mankouri, Hocine W.

I: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Bind 114, Nr. 36, 2017, s. 9665-9670.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Larsen, NB, Liberti, SE, Vogel, I, Jorgensen, SW, Hickson, ID & Mankouri, HW 2017, 'Stalled replication forks generate a distinct mutational signature in yeast', Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, bind 114, nr. 36, s. 9665-9670. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1706640114

APA

Larsen, N. B., Liberti, S. E., Vogel, I., Jorgensen, S. W., Hickson, I. D., & Mankouri, H. W. (2017). Stalled replication forks generate a distinct mutational signature in yeast. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 114(36), 9665-9670. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1706640114

Vancouver

Larsen NB, Liberti SE, Vogel I, Jorgensen SW, Hickson ID, Mankouri HW. Stalled replication forks generate a distinct mutational signature in yeast. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2017;114(36):9665-9670. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1706640114

Author

Larsen, Nicolai B. ; Liberti, Sascha E. ; Vogel, Ivan ; Jorgensen, Signe W. ; Hickson, Ian D. ; Mankouri, Hocine W. / Stalled replication forks generate a distinct mutational signature in yeast. I: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2017 ; Bind 114, Nr. 36. s. 9665-9670.

Bibtex

@article{b4018763c70c4950b28233f307ab0b36,
title = "Stalled replication forks generate a distinct mutational signature in yeast",
abstract = "Proliferating cells acquire genome alterations during the act of DNA replication. This leads to mutation accumulation and somatic cell mosaicism in multicellular organisms, and is also implicated as an underlying cause of aging and tumorigenesis. The molecular mechanisms of DNA replication-associated genome rearrangements are poorly understood, largely due to methodological difficulties in analyzing specific replication forks in vivo. To provide an insight into this process, we analyzed the mutagenic consequences of replication fork stalling at a single, site-specific replication barrier (the Escherichia coli Tus/Ter complex) engineered into the yeast genome. We demonstrate that transient stalling at this barrier induces a distinct pattern of genome rearrangements in the newly replicated region behind the stalled fork, which primarily consist of localized losses and duplications of DNA sequences. These genetic alterations arise through the aberrant repair of a single-stranded DNA gap, in a process that is dependent on Exo1- and Shu1-dependent homologous recombination repair (HRR). Furthermore, aberrant processing of HRR intermediates, and elevated HRR-associated mutagenesis, is detectable in a yeast model of the human cancer predisposition disorder, Bloom’s syndrome. Our data reveal a mechanism by which cellular responses to stalled replication forks can actively generate genomic alterations and genetic diversity in normal proliferating cells.",
keywords = "RecQ helicase, DNA replication stress, genome stability, mutagenesis, recombination",
author = "Larsen, {Nicolai B.} and Liberti, {Sascha E.} and Ivan Vogel and Jorgensen, {Signe W.} and Hickson, {Ian D.} and Mankouri, {Hocine W.}",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1073/pnas.1706640114",
language = "English",
volume = "114",
pages = "9665--9670",
journal = "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America",
issn = "0027-8424",
publisher = "The National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America",
number = "36",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Stalled replication forks generate a distinct mutational signature in yeast

AU - Larsen, Nicolai B.

AU - Liberti, Sascha E.

AU - Vogel, Ivan

AU - Jorgensen, Signe W.

AU - Hickson, Ian D.

AU - Mankouri, Hocine W.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Proliferating cells acquire genome alterations during the act of DNA replication. This leads to mutation accumulation and somatic cell mosaicism in multicellular organisms, and is also implicated as an underlying cause of aging and tumorigenesis. The molecular mechanisms of DNA replication-associated genome rearrangements are poorly understood, largely due to methodological difficulties in analyzing specific replication forks in vivo. To provide an insight into this process, we analyzed the mutagenic consequences of replication fork stalling at a single, site-specific replication barrier (the Escherichia coli Tus/Ter complex) engineered into the yeast genome. We demonstrate that transient stalling at this barrier induces a distinct pattern of genome rearrangements in the newly replicated region behind the stalled fork, which primarily consist of localized losses and duplications of DNA sequences. These genetic alterations arise through the aberrant repair of a single-stranded DNA gap, in a process that is dependent on Exo1- and Shu1-dependent homologous recombination repair (HRR). Furthermore, aberrant processing of HRR intermediates, and elevated HRR-associated mutagenesis, is detectable in a yeast model of the human cancer predisposition disorder, Bloom’s syndrome. Our data reveal a mechanism by which cellular responses to stalled replication forks can actively generate genomic alterations and genetic diversity in normal proliferating cells.

AB - Proliferating cells acquire genome alterations during the act of DNA replication. This leads to mutation accumulation and somatic cell mosaicism in multicellular organisms, and is also implicated as an underlying cause of aging and tumorigenesis. The molecular mechanisms of DNA replication-associated genome rearrangements are poorly understood, largely due to methodological difficulties in analyzing specific replication forks in vivo. To provide an insight into this process, we analyzed the mutagenic consequences of replication fork stalling at a single, site-specific replication barrier (the Escherichia coli Tus/Ter complex) engineered into the yeast genome. We demonstrate that transient stalling at this barrier induces a distinct pattern of genome rearrangements in the newly replicated region behind the stalled fork, which primarily consist of localized losses and duplications of DNA sequences. These genetic alterations arise through the aberrant repair of a single-stranded DNA gap, in a process that is dependent on Exo1- and Shu1-dependent homologous recombination repair (HRR). Furthermore, aberrant processing of HRR intermediates, and elevated HRR-associated mutagenesis, is detectable in a yeast model of the human cancer predisposition disorder, Bloom’s syndrome. Our data reveal a mechanism by which cellular responses to stalled replication forks can actively generate genomic alterations and genetic diversity in normal proliferating cells.

KW - RecQ helicase

KW - DNA replication stress

KW - genome stability

KW - mutagenesis

KW - recombination

U2 - 10.1073/pnas.1706640114

DO - 10.1073/pnas.1706640114

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 28827358

VL - 114

SP - 9665

EP - 9670

JO - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

JF - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

SN - 0027-8424

IS - 36

ER -

ID: 183610520