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SynGO: An Evidence-Based, Expert-Curated Knowledge Base for the Synapse

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

  • Frank Koopmans
  • Pim van Nierop
  • Maria Andres-Alonso
  • Andrea Byrnes
  • Tony Cijsouw
  • Marcelo P Coba
  • L Niels Cornelisse
  • Ryan J Farrell
  • Hana L Goldschmidt
  • Daniel P Howrigan
  • Natasha K Hussain
  • Arthur P H de Jong
  • Hwajin Jung
  • Mahdokht Kohansalnodehi
  • Barbara Kramarz
  • Noa Lipstein
  • Ruth C Lovering
  • Harold MacGillavry
  • Vittoria Mariano
  • Huaiyu Mi
  • Momchil Ninov
  • David Osumi-Sutherland
  • Rainer Pielot
  • Karl-Heinz Smalla
  • Haiming Tang
  • Katherine Tashman
  • Ruud F G Toonen
  • Chiara Verpelli
  • Rita Reig-Viader
  • Kyoko Watanabe
  • Jan van Weering
  • Tilmann Achsel
  • Ghazaleh Ashrafi
  • Nimra Asi
  • Tyler C Brown
  • Pietro De Camilli
  • Marc Feuermann
  • Rebecca E Foulger
  • Pascale Gaudet
  • Anoushka Joglekar
  • Alexandros Kanellopoulos
  • Robert Malenka
  • Roger A Nicoll
  • Camila Pulido
  • Jaime de Juan-Sanz
  • Morgan Sheng
  • Thomas C Südhof
  • Hagen U Tilgner
  • Claudia Bagni
  • Àlex Bayés
  • Thomas Biederer
  • Nils Brose
  • John Jia En Chua
  • Daniela C Dieterich
  • Eckart D Gundelfinger
  • Casper Hoogenraad
  • Richard L Huganir
  • Reinhard Jahn
  • Pascal S Kaeser
  • Eunjoon Kim
  • Michael R Kreutz
  • Peter S McPherson
  • Ben M Neale
  • Vincent O'Connor
  • Danielle Posthuma
  • Timothy A Ryan
  • Carlo Sala
  • Guoping Feng
  • Steven E Hyman
  • Paul D Thomas
  • August B Smit
  • Matthijs Verhage

Synapses are fundamental information-processing units of the brain, and synaptic dysregulation is central to many brain disorders ("synaptopathies"). However, systematic annotation of synaptic genes and ontology of synaptic processes are currently lacking. We established SynGO, an interactive knowledge base that accumulates available research about synapse biology using Gene Ontology (GO) annotations to novel ontology terms: 87 synaptic locations and 179 synaptic processes. SynGO annotations are exclusively based on published, expert-curated evidence. Using 2,922 annotations for 1,112 genes, we show that synaptic genes are exceptionally well conserved and less tolerant to mutations than other genes. Many SynGO terms are significantly overrepresented among gene variations associated with intelligence, educational attainment, ADHD, autism, and bipolar disorder and among de novo variants associated with neurodevelopmental disorders, including schizophrenia. SynGO is a public, universal reference for synapse research and an online analysis platform for interpretation of large-scale -omics data (https://syngoportal.org and http://geneontology.org).

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftNeuron
Vol/bind103
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)217-234.e4
ISSN0896-6273
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 17 jul. 2019
Eksternt udgivetJa

ID: 237697263