Forskning ved Københavns Universitet - Københavns Universitet


Synthesis and characterization of monosaccharide-derived carbamates as low-molecular-weight gelators

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

  • Guijun Wang
  • Sherwin Cheuk
  • Hao Yang
  • Navneet Goyal
  • P V Narasimha Reddy
  • Branden Hopkinson

Sugar-based low-molecular-weight gelators are an interesting new class of compounds that are important in supramolecular chemistry and for the preparation of advanced materials. Previously, we synthesized a series of ester and carbamate derivatives of 4,6-O-benzylidene methyl-alpha-D-glucopyranoside and found that monosubstituted alkynyl esters with five to seven carbons and monosubstituted carbamates with saturated five- and seven-carbon chains are good gelators. To understand the structural requirement for the gelation of the carbamate derivatives (O-linked carbamates), a diverse series of analogs, including alkynyl, aryl, and alkyl halide derivatives, were prepared and analyzed. We found that for gelation the O-linked carbamate derivatives have different structural preferences than the ester derivatives. To exhibit gellation, the ester analogs favor alkyl-containing terminal acetylene groups and the carbamoyl derivatives prefer saturated hydrocarbons. Both the esters and the carbamates showed good gelation properties when they were functionalized with aryl side chains. We also synthesized and screened a new series of carbamates (N-linked carbamates) in which the nitrogen atom of the carbamate group is directly attached to the sugar ring. The N-linked carbamates are good gelators for aqueous DMSO and ethanol solutions, and two of the compounds are also able to form gels in pure water. Optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy were used to characterize several representative gels. In general, long, narrow, uniform fibrous networks were observed for effective gelators. The structure-gelation correlation obtained here can be used in the design of new sugar-based low-molecular-weight gelators.

TidsskriftLangmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids
Udgave nummer15
Sider (fra-til)8696-705
Antal sider10
StatusUdgivet - 4 aug. 2009
Eksternt udgivetJa

ID: 120780191