Forskning ved Københavns Universitet - Københavns Universitet


T cell subsets in human airways prior to and following endobronchial administration of endotoxin

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Bronchial instillation of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) provides a reversible model of lung inflammation that may resemble early stages of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We investigated the distributions of T-cell subsets in the human airways and sought to determine whether pro- and anti-inflammatory T cells are involved in the local immune response to lung inflammation.

METHODS: Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was performed in 15 healthy volunteers, after which Escherichia coli LPS (4 ng/kg) was administered. BAL was repeated at 2, 4, 6, 8 or 24 h after instillation of LPS.

RESULTS: BALF CD4+ and CD8+ T cells were characterized by expression of activation markers (HLA-DR+CD38+), the proportion of cells expressing naïve markers (CD45RA+CD27+CCR7+) was lower, and that of cells expressing effector memory markers (CD45RA-CD27+CCR7-) was higher, compared with peripheral blood. Bronchial LPS induced a local inflammatory response with recruitment of CD4+ (P=0.014), CD8+ T cells (P=0.034), an increase in the proportion of CD4+CD25+CD127lowFoxp3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) (P=0.045) and a tendency towards an increase in CD4+CD161+ cells (P=0.071) were observed.

CONCLUSIONS: A unique distribution of T cells with little day-to-day variation was found in human airways. An increase in Tregs after endobronchial LPS suggests a role for Tregs during early stages of pulmonary inflammation.

Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)579-86
Antal sider8
StatusUdgivet - 2015

ID: 143089376