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Targeted delivery of plasmid DNA into the nucleus of cells via nuclear localization signal peptide conjugated to DNA intercalating bis- and trisacridines

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Efficient nuclear targeting via nonviral delivery of DNA is still an unmet challenge in gene therapy. We have synthesized a novel 9-aminoacridine amino acid monomer that conveniently allows multiple acridines to be incorporated into peptide conjugates. In particular we have prepared bis- and trisacridine conjugates of nuclear localization signal peptide (NLS) ((Acr)2-NLS and (Acr)3-NLS) and studied these as functional transporters for the nuclear delivery of DNA. We show that these conjugates can enhance transfection efficacy as well as nuclear localization of plasmid DNA by more than 50-fold when combined with polyethylenimine at an N:P ratio of 2-3. These conjugates have high reversible affinity for double stranded DNA by intercalation and the technique provides a simple means of associating NLS with DNA of any sequence and at any ratio.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftBioconjugate Chemistry
Vol/bind16
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)1112-6
Antal sider5
ISSN1043-1802
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 22 sep. 2005

ID: 203634846