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Technology-Driven Disruption of Healthcare & "UI Layer" Privacy-by-Design 

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapportBidrag til bog/antologiForskningfagfællebedømt

The use of digital technologies in healthcare is changing how medical treatments are developed by researchers, applied/practiced by medical professionals and experienced by patients. This chapter demonstrates that a defining feature of this disruption is the emergence of new medical “apps” that leverage algorithm-based AI systems. As the use of such apps and AI wearables goes mainstream and new players—notably “Super Platforms” with digital rather than a medical expertise—enter the healthcare sector, the traditional means of providing medical services will be further transformed.
These developments pose a number of challenges for regulators and other policymakers, most obviously, in the context of privacy and data protection. Here, we examine how the emerging field of Legal Design can provide a more transparent infrastructure that embeds relevant legal protections in the user interfaces of healthcare products and services. Such a user interface (UI) focused Privacy-by-Design approach offers a number of advantages, most obviously greater transparency, accountability and (consequently) human choice. The chapter offers several real-world examples of design patterns that illustrate the value of UI focused Privacy-by-Design in protecting individuals’ sensitive information, enabling people to make choices and retain control of their personal data. The chapter concludes with some examples and reflects on the challenges specific to implementing Legal Design in an eHealth context.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TitelAI in eHealth : Human Autonomy, Data Governance & Privacy in Healthcare
RedaktørerMarcelo Corrales Compagnucci, Michael L. Wilson, Mark Fenwick, Nikolaus Forgó, Till Bärnighausen
Antal sider33
Udgivelses stedCambridge
ForlagCambridge University Press
Kapitel2
StatusAccepteret/In press - 2021
NavnCambridge Bioethics and Law

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