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Temporalis and masseter muscle activity in patients with anterior open bite and craniomandibular disorders

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Activity in temporalis and masseter muscles, and traits of facial morphology and occlusal stability were studied in 22 patients (19 women, 3 men; 15-45 yr of age) with anterior open bite and symptoms and signs of craniomandibular disorders. Facial morphology was assessed by profile radiographs, occlusal stability by tooth contacts, and craniomandibular function by clinical and radiological examination. Electromyographic activity was recorded by surface electrodes after primary treatment with a reflex-releasing, stabilizing splint. Maximal voluntary contraction was reduced compared to reference values, particularly in subjects with muscular affection, but maximal activity increased significantly when biting on the splint. Maximal voluntary contraction was positively correlated to molar contact and negatively to anterior face height, mandibular inclination, vertical jaw relation and gonial angle. Relative loading of the muscles was markedly increased during resting posture. It was concluded that reduced occlusal stability and long-face morphology were associated with weak elevator muscle activity with disposition overload and tenderness. The results also indicated that increase of occlusal stability might lead to increased muscle strength and possibly reduce risk of physical strain.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftScandinavian Journal of Dental Research
Vol/bind99
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)219-28
Antal sider10
ISSN0029-845X
StatusUdgivet - 1991

ID: 44386145