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The association of targeted temperature management at 33 and 36 °C with outcome in patients with moderate shock on admission after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a post hoc analysis of the Target Temperature Management trial

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

  • Martin Annborn
  • John Bro-Jeppesen
  • Niklas Nielsen
  • Susann Ullén
  • Jesper Kjaergaard
  • Hassager, Christian
  • Michael Wanscher
  • Jan Hovdenes
  • Tommaso Pellis
  • Paolo Pelosi
  • Matt P Wise
  • Tobias Cronberg
  • David Erlinge
  • Hans Friberg
  • TTM-trial investigators

PURPOSE: We hypothesized that a targeted temperature of 33 °C as compared to that of 36 °C would increase survival and reduce the severity of circulatory shock in patients with shock on admission after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA).

METHODS: The recently published Target Temperature Management trial (TTM-trial) randomized 939 OHCA patients with no difference in outcome between groups and no difference in mortality at the end of the trial in a predefined subgroup of patients with shock at admission. Shock was defined as a systolic blood pressure of <90 mm Hg for >30 min or the need of supportive measures to maintain a blood pressure ≥90 mmHg and/or clinical signs of end-organ hypoperfusion. In this post hoc analysis reported here, we further analyzed the 139 patients with shock at admission; all had been randomized to receive intervention at 33 °C (TTM33; n = 71) or 36 °C (TTM36; n = 68). Primary outcome was 180-day mortality. Secondary outcomes were intensive care unit (ICU) and 30-day mortality, severity of circulatory shock assessed by mean arterial pressure, serum lactate, fluid balance and the extended Sequential Organ Failure assessment (SOFA) score.

RESULTS: There was no significance difference between targeted temperature management at 33 °C or 36 °C on 180-day mortality [log-rank test, p = 0.17, hazard ratio 1.33, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 0.88-1.98] or ICU mortality (61 vs. 44 %, p = 0.06; relative risk 1.37, 95 % CI 0.99-1.91). Serum lactate and the extended cardiovascular SOFA score were higher in the TTM33 group (p < 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS: We found no benefit in survival or severity of circulatory shock with targeted temperature management at 33 °C as compared to 36 °C in patients with shock on admission after OHCA.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftIntensive Care Medicine
Vol/bind40
Udgave nummer9
Sider (fra-til)1210-1219
Antal sider10
ISSN0342-4642
DOI
StatusUdgivet - sep. 2014

ID: 138138634