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The effect of a composite of polyorthoester and demineralized bone on the healing of large segmental defects of the radius in rats

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  • E Solheim
  • E M Pinholt
  • R Andersen
  • G Bang
  • E Sudmann
The effect of a composite of demineralized bone mixed with polyorthoester on the healing of large segmental defects in the rat radius was studied. Sixty male Wistar rats were divided into four groups, A through D, and an osteoperiosteal diaphyseal defect of 50 per cent of the length of the bone was made in the right radius of each rat. In Group A, the defect was filled with polyorthoester and demineralized bone; in Group B, demineralized bone; and in Group C, polyorthoester. No material was implanted in the defects in the Group-D rats. The rats were killed fifty days postoperatively. The formation of bone in the defects was quantified with computer-assisted measurements of the area on radiographs. The host-tissue response was evaluated with light microscopy. Defects that had been filled with the composite of polyorthoester and demineralized bone or with demineralized bone alone showed regeneration of bone corresponding to 93.6 and 77.6 per cent of the area of the defect, respectively. Defects that had no implant or that had been filled with polyorthoester alone showed significantly less formation of bone. No inflammation was seen with light microscopy, and only traces of the polyorthoester could be detected in the defects that had been filled with the composite or with polyorthoester alone.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Bone and Joint Surgery: American Volume
Vol/bind74
Udgave nummer10
Sider (fra-til)1456-63
Antal sider8
ISSN0021-9355
StatusUdgivet - 1 dec. 1992

ID: 33984608