Forskning ved Københavns Universitet - Københavns Universitet


The effect of driving force on intramolecular electron transfer in proteins. Studies on single-site mutated azurins

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  • O Farver
  • L K Skov
  • M van de Kamp
  • G W Canters
  • I Pecht

An intramolecular electron-transfer process has previously been shown to take place between the Cys3--Cys26 radical-ion (RSSR-) produced pulse radiolytically and the Cu(II) ion in the blue single-copper protein, azurin [Farver, O. & Pecht, I. (1989) Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 86, 6868-6972]. To further investigate the nature of this long-range electron transfer (LRET) proceeding within the protein matrix, we have now investigated it in two azurins where amino acids have been substituted by single-site mutation of the wild-type Pseudomonas aeruginosa azurin. In one mutated protein, a methionine residue (Met44) that is proximal to the copper coordination sphere has been replaced by a positively charged lysyl residue ([M44K]azurin), while in the second mutant, another residue neighbouring the Cu-coordination site (His35) has been replaced by a glutamine ([H35Q]azurin). Though both these substitutions are not in the microenvironment separating the electron donor and acceptor, they were expected to affect the LRET rate because of their effect on the redox potential of the copper site and thus on the driving force of the reaction, as well as on the reorganization energies of the copper site. The rate of intramolecular electron transfer from RSSR- to Cu(II) in the wild-type P. aeruginosa azurin (delta G degrees = -68.9 kJ/mol) has previously been determined to be 44 +/- 7 s-1 at 298 K, pH 7.0. The [M44K]azurin mutant (delta G degrees = -75.3 kJ/mol) was now found to react considerably faster (k = 134 +/- 12 s-1 at 298 K, pH 7.0) while the [H35Q]azurin mutant (delta G degrees = -65.4 kJ/mol) exhibits, within experimental error, the same specific rate (k = 52 +/- 11 s-1, 298 K, pH 7.0) as that of the wild-type azurin. From the temperature dependence of these LRET rates the following activation parameters were calculated: delta H++ = 37.9 +/- 1.3 kJ/mol and 47.2 +/- 0.7 kJ/mol and delta S++ = -86.5 +/- 5.8 J/mol.K and -46.4 +/- 4.4 J/mol.K for [H35Q]azurin and [M44K]azurin, respectively. Using the Marcus relation for intramolecular electron transfer and the above parameters we have determined the reorganization energy, lambda and electronic coupling factor, beta. The calculated values fit very well with a through-bond LRET mechanism.

TidsskriftEuropean Journal of Biochemistry
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)399-403
Antal sider5
StatusUdgivet - 1 dec. 1992

ID: 113626623