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The effect of glucagon-like peptide I (GLP-I) on glucose elimination in healthy subjects depends on the pancreatic glucoregulatory hormones.

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Glucagon-like peptide I (GLP-I) decreases plasma glucose in type II diabetic patients and in healthy subjects indirectly by stimulation of insulin and inhibition of glucagon secretion, whereby the hepatic glucose production decreases. However, recent studies indicate that GLP-I may also directly influence peripheral and hepatic glucose uptake. We infused somatostatin (SS) intravenously (500 or 1,000 microgram/h) in 13 healthy subjects to suppress insulin and glucagon secretion from the endocrine pancreas, together with infusion of either GLP-I (50 pmol / kg / h) or saline intravenously. After 30 min, a 25-g intravenous glucose tolerance test (IVGTT) was carried out, and plasma concentrations of glucose, insulin, glucagon, and GLP-I were measured during the following 2 h. IVGTT together with GLP-I infusion significantly elevated insulin during 500 microgram/h SS but not during 1,000 microgram/h SS. Plasma glucagon was strongly depressed in all experiments. During 500 microgram/h SS, the glucose disappearance constant, Kg, was 0.49 +/- 0.03% per minute with GLP-I and 0.39 +/- 0.04% per minute with saline (n = 8, P = 0.004). With 1,000 microgram/h SS, Kg was 0.42 +/- 0.03% per minute with GLP-I and 0.40 +/- 0.03% per minute without (NS). In conclusion, when endogenous insulin secretion is held at a constant low level, which may be accomplished only with very large doses of SS, GLP-I has no effect on glucose elimination. Thus, an insulin-independent effect of GLP-I on glucose disposal could not be demonstrated.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftDiabetes
Vol/bind45
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)552-556
Antal sider5
ISSN0012-1797
StatusUdgivet - 1996

ID: 34069039