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The effect of high-intensity training on purine metabolism in man

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The effect of intermittent high-intensity training on the activity of enzymes involved in purine metabolism and on the concentration of plasma purines following acute short-term intense exercise was investigated. Eleven subjects performed sprint training three times per week for 6 weeks. Muscle biopsies for determination of enzyme activities were obtained prior to and 24 h after the training period. After training, the activity of adenosine 5'-phosphate (AMP) deaminase was lower (P < 0.001) whereas the activities of hypoxanthine phosphoribosyl transferase (HPRT) and phosphofructokinase were significantly higher compared with pre-training levels. The higher activity of HPRT with training suggests an improved potential for rephosphorylation of intracellular hypoxanthine to inosine monophosphate (IMP) in the trained muscle. Before and after the training period the subjects performed four independent 2-min tests at intensities from a mean of 106 to 135% of VO2max. Venous blood was drawn prior to and after each test. The accumulation of plasma hypoxanthine following the four tests was lower following training compared with prior to training (P < 0.05). The accumulation of uric acid was significantly lower (46% of pre-training value) after the test performed at 135% of VO2max (P < 0.05). Based on the observed alterations in muscle enzyme activities and plasma purine accumulation, it is suggested that high intensity intermittent training leads to a lower release of purines from muscle to plasma following intense exercise and, thus, a reduced loss of muscle nucleotides.
TidsskriftActa physiologica Scandinavica
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)405-412
Antal sider8
StatusUdgivet - 1993
Eksternt udgivetJa

Bibliografisk note

PUF "Før 1998" 5200 036

ID: 18765342