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The Effect of Induced Antibodies with Respect to Neutralization, Clearance Rate and Functional Activity in a Rabbit/Infliximab Model

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Background: Therapeutic antibodies are a developing field for treatment of an expanding number of inflammatory diseases, including Crohn's disease. Treatment with monoclonal antibodies is frequently hampered by development of anti-drug antibodies (ADAs) that may compromise the treatment. Materials and Methods: We addressed this issue in a rabbit model of treatment with the anti-tumor-necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) antibody, infliximab (IFX). We developed an inhibition ELISA to selectively measure absolute concentrations of neutralizing antibodies and another ELISA for measuring the concentration of functional IFX in the circulation. Results: We found that the concentration of functional IFX was inversely proportional to the concentration of neutralizing antibodies. Conclusion: Administration of IFX to rabbits showed diversity in immune responses/tolerance toward IFX, corresponding to responses observed in patients. The applied assay technology is easily adapted to human plasma samples and/or other therapeutic antibodies, including fully humanized antibodies, for which immunogenicity also is observed.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftIn Vivo
Vol/bind30
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)557-565
Antal sider9
ISSN0258-851X
StatusUdgivet - sep. 2016

ID: 168264277