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The efficacy of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine alone and in combination with chloroquine for malaria treatment in rural Eastern Sudan: the interrelation between resistance, age and gametocytogenesis

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Standard

The efficacy of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine alone and in combination with chloroquine for malaria treatment in rural Eastern Sudan: the interrelation between resistance, age and gametocytogenesis. / A-Elbasit, Ishraga E; Elbashir, Mustafa I; Khalil, Insaf F; Alifrangis, Michael; Giha, Hayder A.

I: Tropical Medicine & International Health, Bind 11, Nr. 5, 2006, s. 604-12.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

A-Elbasit, IE, Elbashir, MI, Khalil, IF, Alifrangis, M & Giha, HA 2006, 'The efficacy of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine alone and in combination with chloroquine for malaria treatment in rural Eastern Sudan: the interrelation between resistance, age and gametocytogenesis', Tropical Medicine & International Health, bind 11, nr. 5, s. 604-12. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3156.2006.01616.x

APA

A-Elbasit, I. E., Elbashir, M. I., Khalil, I. F., Alifrangis, M., & Giha, H. A. (2006). The efficacy of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine alone and in combination with chloroquine for malaria treatment in rural Eastern Sudan: the interrelation between resistance, age and gametocytogenesis. Tropical Medicine & International Health, 11(5), 604-12. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3156.2006.01616.x

Vancouver

A-Elbasit IE, Elbashir MI, Khalil IF, Alifrangis M, Giha HA. The efficacy of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine alone and in combination with chloroquine for malaria treatment in rural Eastern Sudan: the interrelation between resistance, age and gametocytogenesis. Tropical Medicine & International Health. 2006;11(5):604-12. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3156.2006.01616.x

Author

A-Elbasit, Ishraga E ; Elbashir, Mustafa I ; Khalil, Insaf F ; Alifrangis, Michael ; Giha, Hayder A. / The efficacy of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine alone and in combination with chloroquine for malaria treatment in rural Eastern Sudan: the interrelation between resistance, age and gametocytogenesis. I: Tropical Medicine & International Health. 2006 ; Bind 11, Nr. 5. s. 604-12.

Bibtex

@article{149fdbc0a1bb11ddb6ae000ea68e967b,
title = "The efficacy of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine alone and in combination with chloroquine for malaria treatment in rural Eastern Sudan: the interrelation between resistance, age and gametocytogenesis",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of sulfadoxine-pyremethamine (SP)+chloroquine (CQ) combination treatment against falciparum malaria with SP treatment alone. METHOD: In-vivo study of 254 patients with uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in rural eastern Sudan, where the population is semi-immune. RESULTS: Sulfadoxine-pyremethamine treatment alone cured 68.3{\%} (41/60) and SP+CQ cured 63.4{\%} (123/194). Early and late treatment failures occurred in both treatment groups. Host age (as a marker for immunity) and parasite gametocytogenesis (as a marker for transmissibility) were significantly associated with SP resistance. Patients who were cured were significantly older (median age 21 years) than patients whose treatment failed (median age 12 years). Gametocyte production was significantly higher in patients with treatment failure (0.72 vs 0.45) and associated with younger age. Gametocyte counts were comparable between both groups until day 7 of follow up; thereafter, they were significantly higher in patients with treatment failure. However, the longevity of gametocytes was comparable in both treatment groups. CONCLUSION: Chloroquine did not improve the parasite response to SP. Age was strongly associated with clearance of SP-resistant parasites. The fast rise of SP resistance may partially be due to selection of SP resistant parasites and expansion of the resistant population through the gametocytogenic effect of SP.",
author = "A-Elbasit, {Ishraga E} and Elbashir, {Mustafa I} and Khalil, {Insaf F} and Michael Alifrangis and Giha, {Hayder A}",
note = "Keywords: Adolescent; Adult; Age Distribution; Antimalarials; Child; Chloroquine; Cohort Studies; Drug Combinations; Drug Resistance; Drug Therapy, Combination; Female; Gametogenesis; Humans; Malaria, Falciparum; Male; Parasitemia; Pyrimethamine; Rural Health; Sudan; Sulfadoxine; Treatment Failure; Treatment Outcome",
year = "2006",
doi = "10.1111/j.1365-3156.2006.01616.x",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "604--12",
journal = "Tropical Medicine & International Health",
issn = "1360-2276",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The efficacy of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine alone and in combination with chloroquine for malaria treatment in rural Eastern Sudan: the interrelation between resistance, age and gametocytogenesis

AU - A-Elbasit, Ishraga E

AU - Elbashir, Mustafa I

AU - Khalil, Insaf F

AU - Alifrangis, Michael

AU - Giha, Hayder A

N1 - Keywords: Adolescent; Adult; Age Distribution; Antimalarials; Child; Chloroquine; Cohort Studies; Drug Combinations; Drug Resistance; Drug Therapy, Combination; Female; Gametogenesis; Humans; Malaria, Falciparum; Male; Parasitemia; Pyrimethamine; Rural Health; Sudan; Sulfadoxine; Treatment Failure; Treatment Outcome

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of sulfadoxine-pyremethamine (SP)+chloroquine (CQ) combination treatment against falciparum malaria with SP treatment alone. METHOD: In-vivo study of 254 patients with uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in rural eastern Sudan, where the population is semi-immune. RESULTS: Sulfadoxine-pyremethamine treatment alone cured 68.3% (41/60) and SP+CQ cured 63.4% (123/194). Early and late treatment failures occurred in both treatment groups. Host age (as a marker for immunity) and parasite gametocytogenesis (as a marker for transmissibility) were significantly associated with SP resistance. Patients who were cured were significantly older (median age 21 years) than patients whose treatment failed (median age 12 years). Gametocyte production was significantly higher in patients with treatment failure (0.72 vs 0.45) and associated with younger age. Gametocyte counts were comparable between both groups until day 7 of follow up; thereafter, they were significantly higher in patients with treatment failure. However, the longevity of gametocytes was comparable in both treatment groups. CONCLUSION: Chloroquine did not improve the parasite response to SP. Age was strongly associated with clearance of SP-resistant parasites. The fast rise of SP resistance may partially be due to selection of SP resistant parasites and expansion of the resistant population through the gametocytogenic effect of SP.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of sulfadoxine-pyremethamine (SP)+chloroquine (CQ) combination treatment against falciparum malaria with SP treatment alone. METHOD: In-vivo study of 254 patients with uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in rural eastern Sudan, where the population is semi-immune. RESULTS: Sulfadoxine-pyremethamine treatment alone cured 68.3% (41/60) and SP+CQ cured 63.4% (123/194). Early and late treatment failures occurred in both treatment groups. Host age (as a marker for immunity) and parasite gametocytogenesis (as a marker for transmissibility) were significantly associated with SP resistance. Patients who were cured were significantly older (median age 21 years) than patients whose treatment failed (median age 12 years). Gametocyte production was significantly higher in patients with treatment failure (0.72 vs 0.45) and associated with younger age. Gametocyte counts were comparable between both groups until day 7 of follow up; thereafter, they were significantly higher in patients with treatment failure. However, the longevity of gametocytes was comparable in both treatment groups. CONCLUSION: Chloroquine did not improve the parasite response to SP. Age was strongly associated with clearance of SP-resistant parasites. The fast rise of SP resistance may partially be due to selection of SP resistant parasites and expansion of the resistant population through the gametocytogenic effect of SP.

U2 - 10.1111/j.1365-3156.2006.01616.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1365-3156.2006.01616.x

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 16640612

VL - 11

SP - 604

EP - 612

JO - Tropical Medicine & International Health

JF - Tropical Medicine & International Health

SN - 1360-2276

IS - 5

ER -

ID: 7790418