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The Evolution of Agriculture in Insects

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Standard

The Evolution of Agriculture in Insects. / Mueller, Ulrich G.; Gerardo, Nicole M.; Aanen, Duur Kornelis; Six, Diana L.; Schultz, Ted R.

I: Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, Bind 36, 2005, s. 563-595.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Mueller, UG, Gerardo, NM, Aanen, DK, Six, DL & Schultz, TR 2005, 'The Evolution of Agriculture in Insects', Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, bind 36, s. 563-595. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.36.102003.152626

APA

Mueller, U. G., Gerardo, N. M., Aanen, D. K., Six, D. L., & Schultz, T. R. (2005). The Evolution of Agriculture in Insects. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 36, 563-595. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.36.102003.152626

Vancouver

Mueller UG, Gerardo NM, Aanen DK, Six DL, Schultz TR. The Evolution of Agriculture in Insects. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics. 2005;36:563-595. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.36.102003.152626

Author

Mueller, Ulrich G. ; Gerardo, Nicole M. ; Aanen, Duur Kornelis ; Six, Diana L. ; Schultz, Ted R. / The Evolution of Agriculture in Insects. I: Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics. 2005 ; Bind 36. s. 563-595.

Bibtex

@article{08c27cd074c311dbbee902004c4f4f50,
title = "The Evolution of Agriculture in Insects",
abstract = "Agriculture has evolved independently in three insect orders: once in ants, once in termites, and seven times in ambrosia beetles. Although these insect farmers are in some ways quite different from each other, in many more ways they are remarkably similar, suggesting convergent evolution. All propagate their cultivars as clonal monocultures within their nests and, in most cases, clonally across many farmer generations as well. Long-term clonal monoculture presents special problems for disease control, but insect farmers have evolved a combination of strategies to manage crop diseases: They (a) sequester their gardens from the environment; (b) monitor gardens intensively, controlling pathogens early in disease outbreaks; (c) occasionally access population-level reservoirs of genetically variable cultivars, even while propagating clonal monocultures across many farmer generations; and (d) manage, in addition to the primary cultivars, an array of {"}auxiliary{"} microbes providing disease suppression and other services. Rather than growing a single cultivar solely for nutrition, insect farmers appear to cultivate, and possibly {"}artificially select{"} for, integrated crop-microbe consortia. Indeed, crop domestication in the context of coevolving and codomesticated microbial consortia may explain the 50-million year old agricultural success of insect farmers.",
author = "Mueller, {Ulrich G.} and Gerardo, {Nicole M.} and Aanen, {Duur Kornelis} and Six, {Diana L.} and Schultz, {Ted R.}",
year = "2005",
doi = "10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.36.102003.152626",
language = "English",
volume = "36",
pages = "563--595",
journal = "Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics",
issn = "1543-592X",
publisher = "Annual Reviews",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Evolution of Agriculture in Insects

AU - Mueller, Ulrich G.

AU - Gerardo, Nicole M.

AU - Aanen, Duur Kornelis

AU - Six, Diana L.

AU - Schultz, Ted R.

PY - 2005

Y1 - 2005

N2 - Agriculture has evolved independently in three insect orders: once in ants, once in termites, and seven times in ambrosia beetles. Although these insect farmers are in some ways quite different from each other, in many more ways they are remarkably similar, suggesting convergent evolution. All propagate their cultivars as clonal monocultures within their nests and, in most cases, clonally across many farmer generations as well. Long-term clonal monoculture presents special problems for disease control, but insect farmers have evolved a combination of strategies to manage crop diseases: They (a) sequester their gardens from the environment; (b) monitor gardens intensively, controlling pathogens early in disease outbreaks; (c) occasionally access population-level reservoirs of genetically variable cultivars, even while propagating clonal monocultures across many farmer generations; and (d) manage, in addition to the primary cultivars, an array of "auxiliary" microbes providing disease suppression and other services. Rather than growing a single cultivar solely for nutrition, insect farmers appear to cultivate, and possibly "artificially select" for, integrated crop-microbe consortia. Indeed, crop domestication in the context of coevolving and codomesticated microbial consortia may explain the 50-million year old agricultural success of insect farmers.

AB - Agriculture has evolved independently in three insect orders: once in ants, once in termites, and seven times in ambrosia beetles. Although these insect farmers are in some ways quite different from each other, in many more ways they are remarkably similar, suggesting convergent evolution. All propagate their cultivars as clonal monocultures within their nests and, in most cases, clonally across many farmer generations as well. Long-term clonal monoculture presents special problems for disease control, but insect farmers have evolved a combination of strategies to manage crop diseases: They (a) sequester their gardens from the environment; (b) monitor gardens intensively, controlling pathogens early in disease outbreaks; (c) occasionally access population-level reservoirs of genetically variable cultivars, even while propagating clonal monocultures across many farmer generations; and (d) manage, in addition to the primary cultivars, an array of "auxiliary" microbes providing disease suppression and other services. Rather than growing a single cultivar solely for nutrition, insect farmers appear to cultivate, and possibly "artificially select" for, integrated crop-microbe consortia. Indeed, crop domestication in the context of coevolving and codomesticated microbial consortia may explain the 50-million year old agricultural success of insect farmers.

U2 - 10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.36.102003.152626

DO - 10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.36.102003.152626

M3 - Journal article

VL - 36

SP - 563

EP - 595

JO - Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics

JF - Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics

SN - 1543-592X

ER -

ID: 85892