Forskning ved Københavns Universitet - Københavns Universitet


The Expression Pattern of Epidermal Differentiation Marker Keratin 10 in the Normal Human Breast and Breast Cancer Cells

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Cells of the human breast gland express an array of keratins, of which some are used for characterizing both normal and neoplastic breast tissue. However, the expression pattern of certain keratins has yet to be detailed. Here, the expression of a differentiation marker of epidermal epithelium, keratin 10 (K10), was investigated in the human breast gland. While in normal breast tissue generally less than 1% of luminal epithelial cells expressed K10, in women >30 years of age glandular structures with K10-positive (K10pos) cells were found at higher frequency than in younger women. K10pos cells belong to a mature luminal compartment as they were negative for cKIT, positive for Ks20.8, and mostly non-cycling. In breast cancer, around 16% of primary breast carcinomas tested were positive for K10 by immunohistochemistry. Interestingly, K10pos tumor cells generally exhibit features of differentiation similar to their normal counterparts. Although this suggests that K10 is a marker of tumor differentiation, data based on gene expression analysis imply that high levels of K10 dictate a worse outcome for breast cancer patients. These findings can form the basis of future studies that should unravel which role K10 may play as a marker of breast cancer:

TidsskriftJournal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry
Udgave nummer8
Sider (fra-til)561-570
StatusUdgivet - 2020

ID: 244611500