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The genetic influences on oxycodone response characteristics in human experimental pain

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

  • Anne Estrup Olesen
  • Hiroe Sato
  • Lecia M Nielsen
  • Camilla Staahl
  • Joanne Droney
  • Sophy Gretton
  • Ruth Branford
  • Asbjørn M Drewes
  • Lars Arendt-Nielsen
  • Julia Riley
  • Joy Ross

Human experimental pain studies are of value to study basic pain mechanisms under controlled conditions. The aim of this study was to investigate whether genetic variation across selected mu-, kappa- and delta-opioid receptor genes (OPRM1, OPRK1and OPRD1, respectively) influenced analgesic response to oxycodone in healthy volunteers. Experimental multimodal, multitissue pain data from previously published studies carried out in Caucasian volunteers were used. Data on thermal skin pain tolerance threshold (PTT) (n = 37), muscle pressure PTT (n = 31), mechanical visceral PTT (n = 43) and thermal visceral PTT (n = 41) were included. Genetic associations with pain outcomes were explored. Nineteen opioid receptor genetic polymorphisms were included in this study. Variability in oxycodone response to skin heat was associated with OPRM1 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs589046 (P < 0.0001) and rs563649 (P < 0.0001). Variability in oxycodone response to visceral pressure was associated with four OPRM1 SNPs: rs589046 (P = 0.015), rs1799971 (P = 0.045), rs9479757 (P = 0.009) and rs533586 (P = 0.046). OPRM1 SNPs were not associated with oxycodone visceral heat threshold, however, one OPRD1 rs419335 reached significance (P = 0.015). Another OPRD1 SNP rs2234918 (P = 0.041) was associated with muscle pressure. There were no associations with OPRK1 SNPs and oxycodone response for any of the pain modalities. Associations were found between analgesic effects of oxycodone and OPRM1 and OPRD1 SNPs; therefore, variation in opioid receptor genes may partly explain responder characteristics to oxycodone.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftFundamental and Clinical Pharmacology
Vol/bind29
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)417–425
Antal sider9
ISSN0767-3981
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 3 jun. 2015

ID: 140384421