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The γ-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) analogue NCS-382 is a substrate for both monocarboxylate transporters subtypes 1 and 4

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The small-molecule ligand (E)-2-(5-hydroxy-5,7,8,9-tetrahydro-6H-benzo[7]annulen-6-ylidene)acetic acid (NCS-382) is an analogue of γ-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) and is widely used for probing the brain-specific GHB high-affinity binding sites. To reach these, brain uptake is imperative, and it is therefore important to understand the molecular mechanisms of NCS-382 transport in order to direct in vivo studies. In this study, we hypothesized that NCS-382 is a substrate for the monocarboxylate transporter subtype 1 (MCT1) which is known to mediate blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeation of GHB. For this purpose, we investigated NCS-382 uptake by MCT subtypes endogenously expressed in tsA201 and MDA-MB-231 cell lines in assays of radioligand-based competition and fluorescence-based intracellular pH measurements. To further verify the results, we measured NCS-382 uptake by means of mass spectrometry in Xenopus laevis oocytes heterologously expressing MCT subtypes. As expected, we found that NCS-382 is a substrate for MCT1 with half-maximal effective concentrations in the low millimolar range. Surprisingly, NCS-382 also showed substrate activity at MCT4 as well as uptake in water-injected oocytes, suggesting a component of passive diffusion. In conclusion, transport of NCS-382 across membranes differs from GHB as it also involves MCT4 and/or passive diffusion. This should be taken into consideration when designing pharmacological studies with this compound and its closely related analogues. The combination of MCT assays used here exemplifies a setup that may be suitable for a reliable characterization of MCT ligands in general.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer105203
TidsskriftEuropean Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Vol/bind143
Sider (fra-til)1-9
ISSN0928-0987
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 15 feb. 2020

ID: 234014506