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The impact of a school health programme on the prevalence and morbidity of urinary schistosomiasis in Mwera Division, Pangani District, Tanzania

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

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The impact of a school health programme on the prevalence and morbidity of urinary schistosomiasis in Mwera Division, Pangani District, Tanzania. / Magnussen, P; Ndawi, B; Sheshe, A K; Byskov, Jens; Mbwana, K; Christensen, N O.

I: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Bind 95, Nr. 1, 2001, s. 58-64.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Magnussen, P, Ndawi, B, Sheshe, AK, Byskov, J, Mbwana, K & Christensen, NO 2001, 'The impact of a school health programme on the prevalence and morbidity of urinary schistosomiasis in Mwera Division, Pangani District, Tanzania', Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, bind 95, nr. 1, s. 58-64.

APA

Magnussen, P., Ndawi, B., Sheshe, A. K., Byskov, J., Mbwana, K., & Christensen, N. O. (2001). The impact of a school health programme on the prevalence and morbidity of urinary schistosomiasis in Mwera Division, Pangani District, Tanzania. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 95(1), 58-64.

Vancouver

Magnussen P, Ndawi B, Sheshe AK, Byskov J, Mbwana K, Christensen NO. The impact of a school health programme on the prevalence and morbidity of urinary schistosomiasis in Mwera Division, Pangani District, Tanzania. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 2001;95(1):58-64.

Author

Magnussen, P ; Ndawi, B ; Sheshe, A K ; Byskov, Jens ; Mbwana, K ; Christensen, N O. / The impact of a school health programme on the prevalence and morbidity of urinary schistosomiasis in Mwera Division, Pangani District, Tanzania. I: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 2001 ; Bind 95, Nr. 1. s. 58-64.

Bibtex

@article{4a5c80c7bd624a3695f5899aaf1cd23c,
title = "The impact of a school health programme on the prevalence and morbidity of urinary schistosomiasis in Mwera Division, Pangani District, Tanzania",
abstract = "The prevalence of urinary schistosomiasis among schoolchildren in Pangani District (Tanzania) was assessed rapidly by a questionnaire approach. Based on the results, a strategy of selective treatment with praziquantel was adopted. Eleven primary schools in Mwera Division, Pangani District, with about 2500 schoolchildren were included in a control programme for urinary schistosomiasis. Macro- and microscopic haematuria diagnosed visually and with urine reagent strips was used as an indirect indicator of Schistosoma haematobium infection. Intensity of infection among children was monitored in class 5 (median age 14 years, range 11-17) by urine filtration techniques. Treatment was administered as 40 mg/kg praziquantel in a single dose at the beginning of the school year. The programme was implemented by schoolteachers and coordinated by the District Health Management Team in collaboration with the District Education Office. Teachers were responsible for carrying out all programme activities. Community participation was through collaboration with Teachers-Parents Associations and Village Health Committees. Coverage at yearly (1995-99) examination varied from 67.7{\%} to 80.3{\%}. Prevalence of haematuria decreased from 51.2{\%} (range 22.2-89.5{\%}) at baseline to 23.4{\%} (range 5.8-56.7{\%}) in 1999, a reduction of 54.3{\%}. Macrohaematuria was 21.2{\%} at baseline and 7.2{\%} in 1999, a reduction of 66.0{\%}. Prevalence of infection in class 5 was reduced by 71.4{\%} and geometric mean intensity of positives reduced from 71 eggs/10 mL (95{\%} confidence interval [CI] 52.5-97.7) to 28 eggs/10 mL (95{\%} CI 25.7-55.0), a reduction of 60.6{\%}. Teachers were highly committed, and secured community participation and a smooth implementation of the programme. The community accepted the introduction of a cost-recovery system, whereby parents pay for the treatment of children with episodes of visible haematuria during the school year. Communities also participated in the improvement of sanitary installations at the schools.",
keywords = "Adolescent, Age Distribution, Child, Costs and Cost Analysis, Female, Hematuria, Humans, Male, Prevalence, Program Evaluation, Sanitation, Schistosomiasis haematobia, School Health Services, Sex Distribution, Tanzania",
author = "P Magnussen and B Ndawi and Sheshe, {A K} and Jens Byskov and K Mbwana and Christensen, {N O}",
year = "2001",
language = "English",
volume = "95",
pages = "58--64",
journal = "Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene",
issn = "0035-9203",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The impact of a school health programme on the prevalence and morbidity of urinary schistosomiasis in Mwera Division, Pangani District, Tanzania

AU - Magnussen, P

AU - Ndawi, B

AU - Sheshe, A K

AU - Byskov, Jens

AU - Mbwana, K

AU - Christensen, N O

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - The prevalence of urinary schistosomiasis among schoolchildren in Pangani District (Tanzania) was assessed rapidly by a questionnaire approach. Based on the results, a strategy of selective treatment with praziquantel was adopted. Eleven primary schools in Mwera Division, Pangani District, with about 2500 schoolchildren were included in a control programme for urinary schistosomiasis. Macro- and microscopic haematuria diagnosed visually and with urine reagent strips was used as an indirect indicator of Schistosoma haematobium infection. Intensity of infection among children was monitored in class 5 (median age 14 years, range 11-17) by urine filtration techniques. Treatment was administered as 40 mg/kg praziquantel in a single dose at the beginning of the school year. The programme was implemented by schoolteachers and coordinated by the District Health Management Team in collaboration with the District Education Office. Teachers were responsible for carrying out all programme activities. Community participation was through collaboration with Teachers-Parents Associations and Village Health Committees. Coverage at yearly (1995-99) examination varied from 67.7% to 80.3%. Prevalence of haematuria decreased from 51.2% (range 22.2-89.5%) at baseline to 23.4% (range 5.8-56.7%) in 1999, a reduction of 54.3%. Macrohaematuria was 21.2% at baseline and 7.2% in 1999, a reduction of 66.0%. Prevalence of infection in class 5 was reduced by 71.4% and geometric mean intensity of positives reduced from 71 eggs/10 mL (95% confidence interval [CI] 52.5-97.7) to 28 eggs/10 mL (95% CI 25.7-55.0), a reduction of 60.6%. Teachers were highly committed, and secured community participation and a smooth implementation of the programme. The community accepted the introduction of a cost-recovery system, whereby parents pay for the treatment of children with episodes of visible haematuria during the school year. Communities also participated in the improvement of sanitary installations at the schools.

AB - The prevalence of urinary schistosomiasis among schoolchildren in Pangani District (Tanzania) was assessed rapidly by a questionnaire approach. Based on the results, a strategy of selective treatment with praziquantel was adopted. Eleven primary schools in Mwera Division, Pangani District, with about 2500 schoolchildren were included in a control programme for urinary schistosomiasis. Macro- and microscopic haematuria diagnosed visually and with urine reagent strips was used as an indirect indicator of Schistosoma haematobium infection. Intensity of infection among children was monitored in class 5 (median age 14 years, range 11-17) by urine filtration techniques. Treatment was administered as 40 mg/kg praziquantel in a single dose at the beginning of the school year. The programme was implemented by schoolteachers and coordinated by the District Health Management Team in collaboration with the District Education Office. Teachers were responsible for carrying out all programme activities. Community participation was through collaboration with Teachers-Parents Associations and Village Health Committees. Coverage at yearly (1995-99) examination varied from 67.7% to 80.3%. Prevalence of haematuria decreased from 51.2% (range 22.2-89.5%) at baseline to 23.4% (range 5.8-56.7%) in 1999, a reduction of 54.3%. Macrohaematuria was 21.2% at baseline and 7.2% in 1999, a reduction of 66.0%. Prevalence of infection in class 5 was reduced by 71.4% and geometric mean intensity of positives reduced from 71 eggs/10 mL (95% confidence interval [CI] 52.5-97.7) to 28 eggs/10 mL (95% CI 25.7-55.0), a reduction of 60.6%. Teachers were highly committed, and secured community participation and a smooth implementation of the programme. The community accepted the introduction of a cost-recovery system, whereby parents pay for the treatment of children with episodes of visible haematuria during the school year. Communities also participated in the improvement of sanitary installations at the schools.

KW - Adolescent

KW - Age Distribution

KW - Child

KW - Costs and Cost Analysis

KW - Female

KW - Hematuria

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Prevalence

KW - Program Evaluation

KW - Sanitation

KW - Schistosomiasis haematobia

KW - School Health Services

KW - Sex Distribution

KW - Tanzania

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 11280068

VL - 95

SP - 58

EP - 64

JO - Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

JF - Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

SN - 0035-9203

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 72802275