Forskning ved Københavns Universitet - Københavns Universitet

Forside

The impact of early growth patterns and infant feeding on body composition at 3 years of age

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Standard

The impact of early growth patterns and infant feeding on body composition at 3 years of age. / Ejlerskov, Katrine Tschentscher; Christensen, Line Brinch; Ritz, Christian; Jensen, Signe Marie; Mølgaard, Christian; Michaelsen, Kim F.

I: British Journal of Nutrition, Bind 114, Nr. 2, 2015, s. 316-327.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Ejlerskov, KT, Christensen, LB, Ritz, C, Jensen, SM, Mølgaard, C & Michaelsen, KF 2015, 'The impact of early growth patterns and infant feeding on body composition at 3 years of age', British Journal of Nutrition, bind 114, nr. 2, s. 316-327. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114515001427

APA

Ejlerskov, K. T., Christensen, L. B., Ritz, C., Jensen, S. M., Mølgaard, C., & Michaelsen, K. F. (2015). The impact of early growth patterns and infant feeding on body composition at 3 years of age. British Journal of Nutrition, 114(2), 316-327. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114515001427

Vancouver

Ejlerskov KT, Christensen LB, Ritz C, Jensen SM, Mølgaard C, Michaelsen KF. The impact of early growth patterns and infant feeding on body composition at 3 years of age. British Journal of Nutrition. 2015;114(2):316-327. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114515001427

Author

Ejlerskov, Katrine Tschentscher ; Christensen, Line Brinch ; Ritz, Christian ; Jensen, Signe Marie ; Mølgaard, Christian ; Michaelsen, Kim F. / The impact of early growth patterns and infant feeding on body composition at 3 years of age. I: British Journal of Nutrition. 2015 ; Bind 114, Nr. 2. s. 316-327.

Bibtex

@article{f963cb6a68f54485b4dd106a82588974,
title = "The impact of early growth patterns and infant feeding on body composition at 3 years of age",
abstract = "Early excessive weight gain is positively associated with later obesity, and yet the effect of weight gain during specific periods and the impact of infant feeding practices are debated. The objective of the present study was to examine the impact of weight gain in periods of early childhood on body composition at 3 years, and whether infant feeding modified the relationship between early growth and body composition at 3 years. We studied 233 children from the prospective cohort study, SKOT (in Danish: Sm{\aa}b{\o}rns Kost og Trivsel). Birth weight z-scores (BWZ) and change in weight-for-age z-scores (WAZ) from 0 to 5, 5 to 9, 9 to 18 and 18 to 36 months were analysed for relations with body composition (anthropometry and bioelectrical impedance) at 3 years by multivariate regression analysis. BWZ and change in WAZ from 0 to 5 months were positively associated with BMI, fat mass index (FMI) and fat-free mass index (FFMI) at 3 years. Full breastfeeding for 6 months (compared to less than 1 month) eliminated the effect of early growth (P= 0·01). Full breastfeeding for 6 months (compared to less than 1 month) also eliminated the positive relation between BWZ and FMI (P= 0·009). No effect modification of infant feeding was found for FFMI. In conclusion, high birth weight and rapid growth from 0 to 5 months were associated with increased FMI and FFMI at 3 years. Longer duration of full breastfeeding reduced the effect of birth weight and early weight gain on fat mass.",
author = "Ejlerskov, {Katrine Tschentscher} and Christensen, {Line Brinch} and Christian Ritz and Jensen, {Signe Marie} and Christian M{\o}lgaard and Michaelsen, {Kim F.}",
note = "CURIS 2015 NEXS 244",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1017/S0007114515001427",
language = "English",
volume = "114",
pages = "316--327",
journal = "British Journal of Nutrition",
issn = "0007-1145",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The impact of early growth patterns and infant feeding on body composition at 3 years of age

AU - Ejlerskov, Katrine Tschentscher

AU - Christensen, Line Brinch

AU - Ritz, Christian

AU - Jensen, Signe Marie

AU - Mølgaard, Christian

AU - Michaelsen, Kim F.

N1 - CURIS 2015 NEXS 244

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Early excessive weight gain is positively associated with later obesity, and yet the effect of weight gain during specific periods and the impact of infant feeding practices are debated. The objective of the present study was to examine the impact of weight gain in periods of early childhood on body composition at 3 years, and whether infant feeding modified the relationship between early growth and body composition at 3 years. We studied 233 children from the prospective cohort study, SKOT (in Danish: Småbørns Kost og Trivsel). Birth weight z-scores (BWZ) and change in weight-for-age z-scores (WAZ) from 0 to 5, 5 to 9, 9 to 18 and 18 to 36 months were analysed for relations with body composition (anthropometry and bioelectrical impedance) at 3 years by multivariate regression analysis. BWZ and change in WAZ from 0 to 5 months were positively associated with BMI, fat mass index (FMI) and fat-free mass index (FFMI) at 3 years. Full breastfeeding for 6 months (compared to less than 1 month) eliminated the effect of early growth (P= 0·01). Full breastfeeding for 6 months (compared to less than 1 month) also eliminated the positive relation between BWZ and FMI (P= 0·009). No effect modification of infant feeding was found for FFMI. In conclusion, high birth weight and rapid growth from 0 to 5 months were associated with increased FMI and FFMI at 3 years. Longer duration of full breastfeeding reduced the effect of birth weight and early weight gain on fat mass.

AB - Early excessive weight gain is positively associated with later obesity, and yet the effect of weight gain during specific periods and the impact of infant feeding practices are debated. The objective of the present study was to examine the impact of weight gain in periods of early childhood on body composition at 3 years, and whether infant feeding modified the relationship between early growth and body composition at 3 years. We studied 233 children from the prospective cohort study, SKOT (in Danish: Småbørns Kost og Trivsel). Birth weight z-scores (BWZ) and change in weight-for-age z-scores (WAZ) from 0 to 5, 5 to 9, 9 to 18 and 18 to 36 months were analysed for relations with body composition (anthropometry and bioelectrical impedance) at 3 years by multivariate regression analysis. BWZ and change in WAZ from 0 to 5 months were positively associated with BMI, fat mass index (FMI) and fat-free mass index (FFMI) at 3 years. Full breastfeeding for 6 months (compared to less than 1 month) eliminated the effect of early growth (P= 0·01). Full breastfeeding for 6 months (compared to less than 1 month) also eliminated the positive relation between BWZ and FMI (P= 0·009). No effect modification of infant feeding was found for FFMI. In conclusion, high birth weight and rapid growth from 0 to 5 months were associated with increased FMI and FFMI at 3 years. Longer duration of full breastfeeding reduced the effect of birth weight and early weight gain on fat mass.

U2 - 10.1017/S0007114515001427

DO - 10.1017/S0007114515001427

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 26131962

VL - 114

SP - 316

EP - 327

JO - British Journal of Nutrition

JF - British Journal of Nutrition

SN - 0007-1145

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 141090944